local_security_policy

pdk
Windows Local Security Policy management. Forked from cannonps/local_security_policy

Adam Yohrling

ayohrling

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Version information

  • 0.8.1 (latest)
  • 0.8.0
  • 0.7.2
  • 0.7.1
  • 0.7.0
  • 0.6.3
  • 0.6.2
  • 0.6.1
  • 0.6.0
  • 0.5.5
  • 0.5.4
  • 0.5.3
  • 0.5.2
  • 0.5.1
  • 0.4.1
  • 0.4.0
  • 0.3.2
released Nov 24th 2020
This version is compatible with:
  • Puppet Enterprise 2019.8.x, 2019.7.x, 2019.5.x, 2019.4.x, 2019.3.x, 2019.2.x, 2019.1.x, 2019.0.x, 2018.1.x, 2017.3.x
  • Puppet >= 5.0.0 < 7.0.0
  • windows

Start using this module

Documentation

ayohrling/local_security_policy — version 0.8.1 Nov 24th 2020

Puppet Local Security Policy

created by Paul Cannon at email paulscannon at gmail dot com

forked and updated by Adam Yohrling at email aryohrling at gmail dot com

Local_security_policy features

Configure local security policy (LSP) for Windows servers. LSP is key to a baseline configuration of the following security features:

Account Policy

  • Password Policy
  • Account Lockout Policy

Local Policy

  • Audit Policy
  • User Rights Assignment
  • Security Options
  • Registry Values

This module uses types and providers to list, update, and validate settings.

Use

The title and name of the resources is exact match of what is in secedit GUI. If you are uncertain of the setting name and values just use puppet resource local_security_policy to pipe them all into a file and make adjustments as necessary. The block will look like this

local_security_policy { 'Audit account logon events': <- Title / Name
  ensure         => present,              <- Always present
  policy_setting => "AuditAccountLogon",  <- The secedit file key. Informational purposes only, not for use in manifest definitions
  policy_type    => "Event Audit",        <- The secedit file section, Informational purposes only, not for use in manifest definitions
  policy_value   => 'Success,Failure',    <- Values
}

Listing all settings

Show all local_security_policy resources available on server

puppet resource local_security_policy

Show a single local_security_policy resources available on server

puppet resource local_security_policy 'Maximum password age'

More examples

Example Password Policy

local_security_policy { 'Maximum password age':
  ensure => present,
  policy_value => '90',
}

Example Audit Policy

local_security_policy { 'Audit account logon events':
  ensure => present,
  policy_value => 'Success,Failure',
}

Example User Rights Policy

local_security_policy { 'Allow log on locally':
  ensure => present,
  policy_value => 'Administrators',
}

Example Security Settings

local_security_policy { 'System cryptography: Use FIPS compiant algorithms for encryption, hashing, and signing':
  ensure => present,
  policy_value => 1 ,
}

Full list of settings available

  Access Credential Manager as a trusted caller
  Access this computer from the network
  Account lockout duration
  Account lockout threshold
  Accounts: Block Microsoft accounts
  Accounts: Limit local account use of blank passwords to console logon only
  Accounts: Rename administrator account
  Accounts: Rename guest account
  Accounts: Require Login to Change Password
  Act as part of the operating system
  Add workstations to domain
  Adjust memory quotas for a process
  Allow log on locally
  Allow log on through Remote Desktop Services
  Audit account logon events
  Audit account management
  Audit: Audit the access of global system objects
  Audit: Audit the use of Backup and Restore privilege
  Audit directory service access
  Audit: Force audit policy subcategory settings (Windows Vista or later) to override audit policy category settings
  Audit logon events
  Audit object access
  Audit policy change
  Audit privilege use
  Audit process tracking
  Audit: Shut down system immediately if unable to log security audits
  Audit system events
  Back up files and directories
  Bypass traverse checking
  Change the system time
  Change the time zone
  Create a pagefile
  Create a token object
  Create global objects
  Create permanent shared objects
  Create symbolic links
  DCOM: Machine Access Restrictions in Security Descriptor Definition Language (SDDL) syntax
  DCOM: Machine Launch Restrictions in Security Descriptor Definition Language (SDDL) syntax
  Debug programs
  Deny access to this computer from the network
  Deny log on as a batch job
  Deny log on as a service
  Deny log on locally
  Deny log on through Remote Desktop Services
  Devices: Allowed to format and eject removable media
  Devices: Allow undock without having to log on
  Devices: Prevent users from installing printer drivers
  Devices: Restrict CD-ROM access to locally logged-on user only
  Devices: Restrict floppy access to locally logged-on user only
  Domain member: Digitally encrypt or sign secure channel data (always)
  Domain member: Digitally encrypt secure channel data (when possible)
  Domain member: Digitally sign secure channel data (when possible)
  Domain member: Disable machine account password changes
  Domain member: Maximum machine account password age
  Domain member: Require strong (Windows 2000 or later) session key
  EnableAdminAccount
  Enable computer and user accounts to be trusted for delegation
  Enforce password history
  Force shutdown from a remote system
  Generate security audits
  Impersonate a client after authentication
  Increase a process working set
  Increase scheduling priority
  Interactive logon: Display user information when the session is locked
  Interactive logon: Do not display last user name
  Interactive logon: Don't display last signed-in
  Interactive logon: Don't display username at sign-in
  Interactive logon: Do not require CTRL+ALT+DEL
  Interactive logon: Machine account lockout threshold
  Interactive logon: Machine inactivity limit
  Interactive logon: Message text for users attempting to log on
  Interactive logon: Message title for users attempting to log on
  Interactive logon: Number of previous logons to cache (in case domain controller is not available)
  Interactive logon: Prompt user to change password before expiration
  Interactive logon: Require Domain Controller authentication to unlock workstation
  Interactive logon: Require Windows Hello for Business or smart card
  Interactive logon: Require smart card
  Interactive logon: Smart card removal behavior
  Load and unload device drivers
  Lock pages in memory
  Log on as a batch job
  Log on as a service
  Manage auditing and security log
  Maximum password age
  Microsoft network client: Digitally sign communications (always)
  Microsoft network client: Digitally sign communications (if server agrees)
  Microsoft network client: Send unencrypted password to third-party SMB servers
  Microsoft network server: Amount of idle time required before suspending session
  Microsoft network server: Attempt S4U2Self to obtain claim information
  Microsoft network server: Digitally sign communications (always)
  Microsoft network server: Digitally sign communications (if client agrees)
  Microsoft network server: Disconnect clients when logon hours expire
  Microsoft network server: Server SPN target name validation level
  Minimum password age
  Minimum password length
  Modify an object label
  Modify firmware environment values
  Network access: Allow anonymous SID/name translation
  Network access: Do not allow anonymous enumeration of SAM accounts
  Network access: Do not allow anonymous enumeration of SAM accounts and shares
  Network access: Do not allow storage of passwords and credentials for network authentication
  Network access: Let Everyone permissions apply to anonymous users
  Network access: Named Pipes that can be accessed anonymously
  Network access: Remotely accessible registry paths
  Network access: Remotely accessible registry paths and sub-paths
  Network access: Restrict anonymous access to Named Pipes and Shares
  Network access: Restrict clients allowed to make remote calls to SAM
  Network access: Shares that can be accessed anonymously
  Network access: Sharing and security model for local accounts
  Network security: All Local System to use computer identity for NTLM
  Network security: Allow LocalSystem NULL session fallback
  Network security: Allow PKU2U authentication requests to this computer to use online identities
  Network security: Do not store LAN Manager hash value on next password change
  Network security: Force logoff when logon hours expire
  Network security: LAN Manager authentication level
  Network security: LDAP client signing requirements
  Network security: Minimum session security for NTLM SSP based (including secure RPC) clients
  Network security: Minimum session security for NTLM SSP based (including secure RPC) servers
  Network security: Restrict NTLM: Add remote server exceptions for NTLM authentication
  Network security: Restrict NTLM: Add server exceptions in this domain
  Network security: Restrict NTLM: Audit Incoming NTLM Traffic
  Network security: Restrict NTLM: Audit NTLM authentication in this domain
  Network security: Restrict NTLM: Incoming NTLM traffic
  Network security: Restrict NTLM: NTLM authentication in this domain
  Network security: Restrict NTLM: Outgoing NTLM traffic to remote servers
  Password must meet complexity requirements
  Perform volume maintenance tasks
  Profile single process
  Profile system performance
  Recovery console: Allow automatic administrative logon
  Recovery console: Allow floppy copy and access to all drives and all folders
  Remove computer from docking station
  Replace a process level token
  Reset account lockout counter after
  Restore files and directories
  Shutdown: Allow system to be shut down without having to log on
  Shutdown: Clear virtual memory pagefile
  Shut down the system
  Store passwords using reversible encryption
  Synchronize directory service data
  System cryptography: Force strong key protection for user keys stored on the computer
  System cryptography: Use FIPS compliant algorithms for encryption, hashing, and signing
  System objects: Require case insensitivity for non-Windows subsystems
  System objects: Strengthen default permissions of internal system objects (e.g., Symbolic Links)
  System settings: Optional subsystems
  System settings: Use Certificate Rules on Windows Executables for Software Restriction Policies
  Take ownership of files or other objects
  User Account Control: Admin Approval Mode for the Built-in Administrator account
  User Account Control: Allow UIAccess applications to prompt for elevation without using the secure desktop
  User Account Control: Behavior of the elevation prompt for administrators in Admin Approval Mode
  User Account Control: Behavior of the elevation prompt for standard users
  User Account Control: Detect application installations and prompt for elevation
  User Account Control: Only elevate executables that are signed and validated
  User Account Control: Only elevate UIAccess applications that are installed in secure locations
  User Account Control: Run all administrators in Admin Approval Mode
  User Account Control: Switch to the secure desktop when prompting for elevation
  User Account Control: Virtualize file and registry write failures to per-user locations

How this works

The local_security_policy module works by using secedit /export to export a list of currently set policies. The module will then take the user defined resources and compare the values against the exported policies. If the values on the system do not match the defined resource, the module will run secedit /configure to configure the policy on the system. If the policy already exists on the system no change will be made.

In order to make setting these polices easier, this module uses the policy description from the Local Security Policy management console and translates that into the appropriate entries in the file used by secedit /configure. Similarly, the module is able to translate user and group names into the SID and name values that are used by User Rights Assignment policies.

New policy maps require values for the key, name, and policy_type. Policies that require user and group conversion to SID values require data_type: :principal to perform the translation. Policies that require the value to be enclosed in double-quotes require data_type: :quoted_string. Policies that modify registry values also require a value for reg_type. The following reg_type values are supported:

    REG_NONE 0
    REG_SZ 1
    REG_EXPAND_SZ 2
    REG_BINARY 3
    REG_DWORD 4
    REG_DWORD_LITTLE_ENDIAN 4
    REG_DWORD_BIG_ENDIAN 5
    REG_LINK 6
    REG_MULTI_SZ 7
    REG_RESOURCE_LIST 8
    REG_FULL_RESOURCE_DESCRIPTOR 9
    REG_RESOURCE_REQUIREMENTS_LIST 10
    REG_QWORD 11
    REG_QWORD_LITTLE_ENDIAN 11

Here are examples of working policy definitions from lib\puppet_x\lsp\security_policy.rb:

'Accounts: Rename administrator account' => {
                name: 'NewAdministratorName',
                policy_type: 'System Access',
                data_type: :quoted_string
            },
 'Recovery console: Allow floppy copy and access to all drives and all folders' => {
                name: 'MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Setup\RecoveryConsole\SetCommand',
                reg_type: '4',
                policy_type: 'Registry Values',
            },
  'Allow log on locally' => {
                name: 'SeInteractiveLogonRight',
                policy_type: 'Privilege Rights',
                data_type: :principal,
      },

In the first example above, the key Accounts: Rename administrator account is what the user will define as the 'name' in the resource. In the policy definitions included in the module, this is the name shown in the Local Security Policy management console. It is recommended to make this something descriptive and easy to remember, or a description pulled from the Operating System. The name 'NewAdministratorName' is the key used in the import file used by secedit /configure. The policy_type 'System Access' is the section name in the import file used by secedit /configure. The data_type ':quoted_string' indicates that this value must be enclosed in double-quotes in the import file used by secedit /configure.

To modify these settings, you would define the following resources in your Puppet configuration:

local_security_policy { 'Accounts: Rename administrator account':
  ensure => present,
  policy_value => 'MyAdminAccount',
}

local_security_policy { 'Recovery console: Allow floppy copy and access to all drives and all folders':
  ensure => present,
  policy_value => '0',
}

local_security_policy { 'Allow log on locally':
  ensure => present,
  policy_value => 'Administrators',
}

Assuming all of the desired values are different than what is currently set in the OS, this would result in the following INI file, which would be imported by secedit /configure:

[Unicode]
Unicode=yes
[System Access]
NewAdministratorName = "MyAdminAccount"
[Registry Values]
MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Setup\RecoveryConsole\SetCommand=4,0
[Privilege Rights]
SeInteractiveLogonRight = *S-1-5-32-544
[Version]
signature="$CHICAGO$"
Revision=1

Commands Used

TODO: Future release

  • Handle unsupported policies
  • Validate users in active directory are being handled.