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ufw

Puppet UFW Module

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Version information

  • 1.0.3 (latest)
  • 1.0.2
  • 1.0.1
  • 1.0.0
released Aug 20th 2021
This version is compatible with:
  • Puppet Enterprise 2021.4.x, 2021.3.x, 2021.2.x, 2021.1.x, 2021.0.x, 2019.8.x
  • Puppet >= 6.21.0 < 8.0.0
  • ,

Start using this module

  • r10k or Code Manager
  • Bolt
  • Manual installation
  • Direct download

Add this module to your Puppetfile:

mod 'kogitoapp-ufw', '1.0.3'
Learn more about managing modules with a Puppetfile

Add this module to your Bolt project:

bolt module add kogitoapp-ufw
Learn more about using this module with an existing project

Manually install this module globally with Puppet module tool:

puppet module install kogitoapp-ufw --version 1.0.3

Direct download is not typically how you would use a Puppet module to manage your infrastructure, but you may want to download the module in order to inspect the code.

Download

Documentation

kogitoapp/ufw — version 1.0.3 Aug 20th 2021

ufw

Table of Contents

  1. Description
  2. Setup - The basics of getting started with ufw
  3. Usage - Configuration options and additional functionality
  4. Limitations - OS compatibility, etc.
  5. Development - Guide for contributing to the module
  6. License

Description

The ufw module manages the uncomplicated firewall (ufw). It allows to control netfilter rules (via ufw_rule resource) and routes (via ufw_route resource) as well as to manage ufw related configuration files.

This module succeeds the original attachmentgenie-ufw module that is now deprecated.

The key improvements:

  • supports ufw route
  • supports ufw framework (after.rules, before.rules, etc)
  • supports purging unmanaged routes and rules

See limitations for the unsupported functionality.

Setup

What ufw affects

  • Ufw rule and route settings of managed nodes.
  • Configuration files (/etc/default/ufw, /etc/logrotate.d/ufw, /etc/rsyslog.d/20-ufw.conf, /etc/ufw/sysctl.conf).
  • Custom rule files (after.rules, after6.rules, before.rules, before6.rules).
  • Purges unmanaged ufw rules (if selected to purge).
  • Purges unmanaged ufw routing rules (if selected to purge).
  • Ufw package and service.

Setup requirements

The ufw module does not require any specific setup to be used.

Usage

Warning: UFW denies incoming traffic by default, so it locks out users unless provided a rule that allows remote management (ssh, etc).

Basic

class {'ufw':
  purge_unmanaged_rules  => true,
  purge_unmanaged_routes => true,
  rules                  => {
    'allow ssh connections' => {
      'action'       => 'allow',
      'to_ports_app' => 22,
    },
  }
}

Full

Entries in the rules accept the same parameters as ufw_rule does.

Entries in the routes accept the same parameters as ufw_route does.

Addresses support both individual hosts (10.1.3.1) and networks (10.1.3.0/24) in ipv4 and ipv6 formats.

To specify a list of ports, separate them with a comma without whitespaces: 80,443

To specify a range of ports, separate them by a colon without whitespaces: 8080:8085

Check REFERENCE.md for the parameter descriptions.

class {'ufw':
  manage_package           => true,
  package_name             => 'ufw',
  packege_ensure           => 'present',
  manage_service           => true,
  service_name             => 'ufw',
  service_ensure           => 'running',
  rules                    => {
    'sample rule' => {
      'ensure'         => 'present',
      'action'         => 'allow',
      'direction'      => 'out',
      'interface'      => 'eth0',
      'log'            => 'log',
      'from_addr'      => '10.1.3.0/24',
      'from_ports_app' => 3133,
      'to_addr'        => '10.3.3.3',
      'to_ports_app'   => 2122,
      'proto'          => 'tcp'
    },
  },
  routes                   => {
    'sample route' => {
      'ensure'         => 'present',
      'action'         => 'allow',
      'interface_in'   => 'any',
      'interface_out'  => 'any',
      'log'            => 'log',
      'from_addr'      => 'any',
      'from_ports_app' => undef,
      'to_addr'        => '10.5.0.0/24',
      'to_ports_app'   => undef,
      'proto'          => 'any',
    },
  },
  purge_unmanaged_rules    => true,
  purge_unmanaged_routes   => true,
  manage_default_config    => true,
  default_config_content   => file('ufw/default'),
  manage_logrotate_config  => true,
  logrotate_config_content => file('ufw/logrotate'),
  manage_rsyslog_config    => true,
  rsyslog_config_content   => file('ufw/rsyslog'),
  manage_sysctl_config     => true,
  sysctl_config_content    => file('ufw/sysctl'),
  manage_before_rules      => true,
  before_rules_content     => file('ufw/before.rules'),
  manage_before6_rules     => true,
  before6_rules_content    => file('ufw/before6.rules'),
  manage_after_rules       => true,
  after_rules_content      => file('ufw/after.rules'),
  manage_after6_rules      => true,
  after6_rules_content     => file('ufw/after6.rules'),
}

ufw_rule simple usage

ufw_rule { 'allow ssh':
  action         => 'allow',
  to_ports_app   => 22,
}

ufw_rule { 'allow https on eth1':
  action         => 'allow',
  to_ports_app   => 443,
  interface      => 'eth1'
}

ufw_rule usage

ufw_rule controls regular, non-routing rules.

Important: The default action is reject for both ufw_rule and ufw_route. So the traffic is rejected if action parameter is omitted.

ufw_rule { 'allow ssh from internal networks':
  ensure         => 'present',
  action         => 'allow',
  direction      => 'in',
  interface      => undef,
  log            => undef,
  from_addr      => '10.1.3.0/24',
  from_ports_app => 'any',
  to_addr        => '10.3.0.1',
  to_ports_app   => 22,
  proto          => 'tcp',
}

ufw_route usage

ufw_route controls routing rules.

ufw_route { 'route vpn traffic to internal net':
  ensure         => 'present',
  action         => 'allow',
  interface_in   => 'tun0',
  interface_out  => 'eth0',
  log            => 'log',
  from_addr      => 'any',
  from_ports_app => undef,
  to_addr        => '10.5.0.0/24',
  to_ports_app   => undef,
  proto          => 'any',
}

Reference

See REFERENCE.md.

Limitations

  • The module does not handle ordering. The rules are added in the order they provided.
  • It's possible to update a rule, but the update is performed through recreation which changes ordering.
  • Comment field is used as a rule/route name. Duplicate comments may cause unexpected behavior.

Development and Contribution

See DEVELOPMENT.md.

License

MIT