kubernetes

supported
pdk
tasks
The module installs and configures a Kubernetes cluster

Puppet

puppetlabs

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  • 6.1.0 (latest)
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released Jan 29th 2018
This version is compatible with:
  • Puppet Enterprise 2017.2.x, 2017.1.x, 2016.5.x, 2016.4.x
  • Puppet >= 4.2.1 < 5.0.0
  • RedHat
    ,
    CentOS
    ,
    Ubuntu

Start using this module

Documentation

puppetlabs/kubernetes — version 1.0.1 Jan 29th 2018

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Kubernetes

Table of Contents

  1. Description
  2. Setup - The basics of getting started with kubernetes
  3. Reference - An under-the-hood peek at what the module is doing and how
  4. Limitations - OS compatibility, etc.
  5. Development - Guide for contributing to the module

Overview

The Puppet kubernetes module installs and configures the Kubernetes system which arranges containers into logical units to improve management and discovery.

Description

This module installs and configures Kubernetes. Kubernetes is an open-source system for automating deployment, scaling, and management of containerized applications.

It groups containers that make up an application into logical units for easy management and discovery.

Setup

Setup Requirements

This module includes a configuration tool called kubetool to auto generate all the security parameters, the bootstrap token, and other configurations for your Kubernetes cluster into a Hiera file. The tool is available as a Docker image to simplify installation and use.

Generate the module's configuration

If you do not already have Docker installed on your workstation, install it here

The kubetool docker image takes each of the parameters as environment variables. When run as follows it will output a kubernetes.yaml file in your current working directory:

docker run --rm -v $(pwd):/mnt -e OS=debian -e VERSION=1.9.2 -e CONTAINER_RUNTIME=docker -e CNI_PROVIDER=weave -e FQDN=kubernetes -e IP=172.17.10.101 -e BOOTSTRAP_CONTROLLER_IP=172.17.10.101 -e ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER="etcd-kube-master=http://172.17.10.101:2380" -e ETCD_IP="%{::ipaddress_enp0s8}" -e KUBE_API_ADVERTISE_ADDRESS="%{::ipaddress_enp0s8}" -e INSTALL_DASHBOARD=true puppet/kubetool

The parameters are:

  • OS: the os kubernetes will run on.
  • VERSION: the version of kubernetes you want to deploy
  • CONTAINER_RUNTIME: the container runtime kubernetes will use, this can only be set to docker or cri_containerd
  • CNI_PROVIDER : This is the CNI network to install. This can be set to weave or flannel
  • FQDN: the cluster fqdn.
  • BOOTSTRAP_CONTROLLER_IP: the ip address of the controller puppet will use to create things like cluster role bindings, kube dns, and the Kubernetes dashboard.
  • ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER: the server addresses. When in production, include three, five, or seven nodes for etcd.
  • ETCD_IP and ETCD_IP KUBE_API_ADVERTISE_ADDRESS: we recommend passing the fact for the interface to be used by the cluster.
  • INSTALL_DASHBOARD: a boolean to install the dashboard or not.

The kubetool creates a kubernetes.yaml file. To view the file contents on screen, run the cat kubernetes.yaml command.

The tool also creates a bootstrap token and base64 encodes any values that need to be encoded for Kubernetes. If you run the kubetool command again, all the values are re-generated, including the certificates and tokens.

2. Add the kubernetes.yaml file to Hiera

The resuling kubernetes.yaml file should be added to your control repo where you keep your Hiera data, usually the data directory. Each cluster can be given its own configuration by leveraging location facts such as the pp_datacenter trusted fact.

Begininning with kubernetes

After your kubernetes.yaml file has been added to the Hiera directory on your Puppet server, configure your node with one of the following parameters:

Bootstrap Controller

A bootstrap controller is the node a cluster uses to add cluster addons (such as kube dns, cluster role bindings etc). After the cluster is bootstrapped, the bootstrap controller becomes a normal controller.

To make a node a bootstrap controller, add the following code to the manifest:

class {'kubernetes':
  controller           => true,
  bootstrap_controller => true,
}

Controller

A controller in Kubernetes contains the control plane and etcd. In a production cluster you should have three, five, or seven controllers.

To make a node a controller, add the following code to the manifest:

class {'kubernetes':
  controller => true,
}

Worker

A worker node runs your applications. You can add as many of these as Kubernetes can handle. For information about nodes in Kubernetes, see the Kubernetes docs.

To make a node a worker node, add the following code to the manifest:

class {'kubernetes':
  worker => true,
}

Please note that a node can not be a controller and a worker. It must be one or the other.

Reference

Parameters

kubernetes_version

The version of the Kubernetes containers to install.

Defaults to 1.7.3.

kubernetes_package_version

The version the Kubernetes OS packages to install, such as kubectl and kubelet.

Defaults to 1.7.3.

cni_version

The version of the cni package to install.

Defaults to 0.5.1.

kube_dns_version

The version of kube DNS to install.

Defaults to 1.14.2.

container_runtime

Choose between docker or cri_containerd

Defaults to docker

controller

Specifies whether to set the node as a Kubernetes controller.

Valid values are true, false.

Defaults to false.

bootstrap_controller

Specifies whether to set the node as the bootstrap controller.

The bootstrap controller is used only for creating the initial cluster.

Valid values are true, false.

Defaults to false.

bootstrap_controller_ip

The IP address of the bootstrap controller.

Defaults to undef.

worker

Specifies whether to set a node as a worker.

Defaults to undef.

kube_api_advertise_address

The IP address you want exposed by the API server.

An example with hiera would be kubernetes::kube_api_advertise_address:"%{::ipaddress_enp0s8}".

Defaults to undef.

apiserver_extra_arguments

An array of extra configuration you can pass to the Kubernetes api container defaults to []

etcd_version

The version of etcd to use.

Defaults to 3.0.17.

etcd_ip

The IP address you want etcd to use for communications.

An example with hiera would be kubernetes::etcd_ip:"%{::ipaddress_enp0s8}".

Defaults to undef.

etcd_initial_cluster

This will tell etcd how many nodes will be in the cluster and is passed as a string.

A Hiera example is kubernetes::etcd_initial_cluster: etcd-kube-master=http://172.17.10.101:2380,etcd-kube-replica-master-01=http://172.17.10.210:2380,etcd-kube-replica-master-02=http://172.17.10.220:2380.

Defaults to undef.

bootstrap_token

The token Kubernetes uses to start components.

For information on bootstrap tokens, see https://kubernetes.io/docs/admin/bootstrap-tokens/

Defaults to undef.

bootstrap_token_name

The name of the bootstrap token.

An example with hiera would be kubernetes::bootstrap_token_name: bootstrap-token-95e1e0.

Defaults to undef.

bootstrap_token_description

The base64 encoded description of the bootstrap token.

A Hiera example is kubernetes::bootstrap_token_description: VGhlIGRlZmF1bHQgYm9vdHN0cmFwIHRva2VuIHBhc3NlZCB0byB0aGUgY2x1c3RlciB2aWEgUHVwcGV0Lg== # lint:ignore:140chars.

bootstrap_token_id

The base64 encoded ID the cluster uses to point to the token.

A Hiera example is kubernetes::bootstrap_token_id: OTVlMWUwDQo=.

Defaults to undef.

bootstrap_token_secret

The base64 encoded secret which validates the bootstrap token.

An example with hiera would be kubernetes::bootstrap_token_secret: OTVlMWUwLmFlMmUzYjkwYTdmYjlkMzYNCg==.

Defaults to undef.

bootstrap_token_usage_bootstrap_authentication

The base64 encoded bool which uses the bootstrap token. (true = dHJ1ZQ==)

An example with hiera would be kubernetes::bootstrap_token_usage_bootstrap_authentication: dHJ1ZQ==.

Defaults to undef.

bootstrap_token_usage_bootstrap_signing

The base64 encoded bool which uses the bootstrap signing. (true = dHJ1ZQ==)

An example with hiera would be kubernetes::bootstrap_token_usage_bootstrap_signing: dHJ1ZQ==.

Defaults to undef.

certificate_authority_data

The string value for the cluster ca certificate data.

Defaults to undef.

client_certificate_data_controller

The client certificate for the controller. Must be a string value.

Defaults to undef.

client_certificate_data_controller_manager

The client certificate for the controller manager. Must be a string value.

Defaults to undef.

client_certificate_data_scheduler

The client certificate for the scheduler. Must be a string value.

Defaults to undef.

client_certificate_data_worker

The client certificate for the kubernetes worker. Must be a string value.

Defaults to undef.

client_key_data_controller

The client certificate key for the controller. Must be a string value.

Defaults to undef.

client_key_data_controller_manager

The client certificate key for the controller manager. Must be a string value.

Defaults to undef.

client_key_data_scheduler

The client certificate key for the scheduler. Must be a string value.

Defaults to undef.

client_key_data_worker

The client certificate key for the kubernetes worker. Must be a string value.

Defaults to undef.

apiserver_kubelet_client_crt

The certificate for the kubelet api server. Must be a certificate value and not a file.

Defaults to undef.

apiserver_kubelet_client_key

The client key for the kubelet api server. Must be a certificate value and not a file.

Defaults to undef.

apiserver_crt

The certificate for the api server. Must be a certificate value and not a file.

Defaults to undef.

apiserver_key

The key for the api server. Must be a certificate value and not a file.

Defaults to undef.

ca_crt

The ca certificate for the cluster. Must be a certificate value and not a file.

Defaults to undef.

ca_key

The ca key for the cluster. Must be a certificate value and not a file.

Defaults to undef.

front_proxy_ca_crt

The ca certificate for the front proxy. Must be a certificate value and not a file.

Defaults to undef.

front_proxy_ca_key

The ca key for the front proxy. Must be a certificate value and not a file.

Defaults to undef.

front_proxy_client_crt

The client certificate for the front proxy. Must be a certificate value and not a file.

Defaults to undef.

front_proxy_client_key

The client key for front proxy. Must be a certificate value and not a file.

Defaults to undef.

sa_key

The key for the service account. Must be a certificate value and not a file.

Defaults to undef.

sa_pub

The public key for the service account. Must be a certificate value and not a file.

Defaults to undef.

cni_network_provider

The network deployment URL that kubectl can locate.

We support networking providers that supports cni.

This defaults to https://git.io/weave-kube-1.6.

install_dashboard

Specifies whether the kubernetes dashboard is installed.

Valid values are true, false.

Defaults to false.

taint_master

Specifies whether to add the NoSchedule taint to any controller nodes in the cluster.

Valid values are true, false`.

Defaults to true

Limitations

This module supports Kubernetes 1.6 and above.

This module supports only Puppet 4 and above.

This module has been tested on the following OS

RedHat 7.x CentOS 7.x Ubuntu 16.04

Development

If you would like to contribute to this module please follow the rules in the CONTRIBUTING.md.