updatereporting_win

pdk
tasks
Report on missing and installed updates on a Windows machine.

Joey Piccola

jpi

6,058 downloads

1,810 latest version

5.0 quality score

Version information

  • 0.1.8 (latest)
  • 0.1.7
  • 0.1.6
  • 0.1.5
  • 0.1.4
  • 0.1.3
  • 0.1.2
  • 0.1.1
  • 0.1.0
released Oct 6th 2019
This version is compatible with:
  • Puppet Enterprise 2019.8.x, 2019.7.x, 2019.5.x, 2019.4.x, 2019.3.x, 2019.2.x, 2019.1.x, 2019.0.x, 2018.1.x, 2017.3.x, 2017.2.x, 2017.1.x, 2016.5.x, 2016.4.x
  • Puppet >= 4.7.0 < 7.0.0
  • windows
Tasks:
  • updatereport

Start using this module

Documentation

jpi/updatereporting_win — version 0.1.8 Oct 6th 2019

updatereporting_win

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Description

Puppet module to report on missing and installed updates on a Windows machine.

Parameters

  • wsusscn_url - Location of a copy of the wsusscn2.cab.
  • wsusscn_force_download - [Optional] Overwrite any existing copy of the wsusscn2.cab file that may already exist in the specified download_directory. Setting this value to true will override the internal logic that only downloads the wsusscn2.cab file if the last modified date has changed from the current version in the specified download_directory. Defaults to false.
  • download_directory - [Optional] Location on the local system to place downloaded files (e.g. wsusscn2.cab). Defaults to 'C:\Windows\Temp'.
  • task_day_of_week - [Optional] Which day of the week the task should run. The day must either be mon, tues, wed, thurs, fri, sat, sun, or all. This option is only applicable when task_schedule is set to weekly. Defaults to sun.
  • task_every - [Optional] How often the task should run, as a number of days or weeks. Defaults to 1.
  • task_schedule - [Optional] What kind of trigger this is. Valid values are daily and weekly. Defaults to weekly.
  • task_enabled - [Optional] Whether the trigger for this task should be enabled. Defaults to true.
  • task_ensure - [Optional] Determines whether the Windows Scheduled task is present. This param allows users to back out of using the updatereporting_win module by first setting this param to absent, allowing Puppet to run, and then removing the updatereporting_win class.

Usage

At a minimum supply the download location the wsusscn2.cab file. It is recommended not to schedule the task too often because the missing update scan requires quite a bit of compute (not to mention the possibility of re-downloading the ~400MB wsusscn2.cab file)**. As noted in the first example below the default configuration will create a scheduled task to run a scan once a week on Sunday between the hours of 12:00AM and 5:59AM.

** see limitation #2

Examples

Download the wsusscn2.cab to c:\Windows\Temp and create a scheduled task to run a scan once a week on Sunday between the hours of 12:00AM and 5:59AM.

class { 'updatereporting_win':
  wsusscn_url         => 'http://internal.corp:8081/wsusscn2.cab',
}

Download the wsusscn2.cab to c:\Windows\Temp and create a scheduled task to run a scan every other week on Friday between the hours of 12:00AM and 5:59AM.

class { 'updatereporting_win':
  wsusscn_url         => 'http://internal.corp:8081/wsusscn2.cab',
  task_every          => 2
  task_day_of_week    => 'fri'
}

Download the wsusscn2.cab to c:\Windows\Temp\Puppet-Staging and create a scheduled task to run a scan every day between the hours of 12:00AM and 5:59AM.

class { 'updatereporting_win':
  wsusscn_url         => 'http://internal.corp:8081/wsusscn2.cab',
  download_directory  => 'c:/windows/temp/Puppet-Staging',
  task_schedule       => 'daily',
}

Download the wsusscn2.cab to c:\Windows\Temp\Puppet-Staging and create a scheduled task to run a scan every five days between the hours of 12:00AM and 5:59AM.

class { 'updatereporting_win':
  wsusscn_url         => 'http://internal.corp:8081/wsusscn2.cab',
  download_directory  => 'c:/windows/temp/Puppet-Staging',
  task_schedule       => 'daily',
  task_every          => 5
}

The Report

The update report is consumed as an external fact named updatereporting_win. An abbreviated example of this fact is below. The report includes the last scan time as well as the last modified time of the local wsusscn2.cab. The wsusscn2_file_lastwritetime can be used to determine whether or not the system is using a recent copy of the wsusscn2.cab file (released monthly).

{
  "updatereporting_win": {
    "scan_meta": {
      "last_run_time": "01-19-2018 02:19:17 AM",
      "wsusscn2_file_lastwritetime": "01-10-2018 03:26:54 PM"
    },
    "update_meta": {
      "missing_update_count": 2,
      "installed_update_count" : 4,
      "missing_update": [
        {
          "KB": "KB3000483",
          "Title": "Security Update for Windows Server 2012 R2 (KB3000483)",
          "Size": "6MB",
          "MsrcSeverity": "Critical",
          "LastDeploymentChangeTime": "02-10-2015 12:00:00 AM"
        },
        {
          "KB": "KB4048961",
          "Title": "2017-11 Security Only Quality Update for Windows Server 2012 R2 for x64-based Systems (KB4048961)",
          "Size": "23MB",
          "MsrcSeverity": "Critical",
          "LastDeploymentChangeTime": "11-14-2017 12:00:00 AM"
        }
      ],
      "missing_update_kbs": [
        "KB3000483",
        "KB4048961"
      ],
      "installed_update_kbs" : [
        "KB3134758",
        "KB2843630",
        "KB3042058",
        "KB3081320"
      ]
    }
  }
}

External Dependencies

wsusscn2.cab

This module leverages a current copy of the Windows Update offline scan file. This file can be downloaded via http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=74689. It is suggested to download this ~400MB file and host it internally vs. devising a way to pull it form the Internet for each puppet node.

Note: The parameter wsusscn_url is not intended to be used with the http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=74689 URL. The underlying script expects a URL with a .cab file.

How it works

The module's class and task work by executing a PowerShell script located in the module's lib directory. This PowerShell script is dropped in the node's vardir (e.g. %PROGRAMDATA%\PuppetLabs\puppet\cache). Next, Puppet registers a scheduled task to run the previously staged PowerShell script. When the schedule task is triggered the PowerShell script attempts to download a copy of the specified wsusscn2.cab file if 1) it does not already exist or 2) the existing local wsusscn2.cab has a different last modified date than the one specified via the wsusscn_url**. Once the wsusscn2.cab file has been downloaded the PowerShell script attempts to import the wsusscn2.cab file and proceed with generating a report of missing and installed updates. This is accomplished by placing a .json file in C:\ProgramData\PuppetLabs\facter\facts.d\ named updatereporting.json.

** see limitation #2

Download Behavior

wsusscn2.cab file downloads only occur during the Windows Schedule task execution (i.e. trigger time). Downloads also leverage the Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS).

Tasks

updatereport

The task updatereport lets you run the underlying update report PowerShell script on-demand. Simply supply a wsusscn_url and the task will regenerate a current fact with missing and installed updates. That said, once you run the task puppet will need to run to pickup the created \ regenerated fact.

Compatibility

updatereporting_win has been tested on the following versions of Windows and PowerShell.

  1. Server 2008 R2 (PowerShell v3.0, 4.0, 5.0)
  2. Server 2012 R2 (PowerShell v4.0, v5.0)

Limitations

  1. Time of day scheduling is currently limited to a random time between 12:00AM and 5:59AM.
  2. The PowerShell script used to determine the remote wsusscn2.cab file's last modified date has been tested on IIS. Not all web servers will provide a last modified date when queried. If the last modified date is unable to be detected then the script will proceed to download the file again.

Known Issues

  1. Because this module is setting up a windows scheduled task, if you ever wish to stop using this module you will first need to define the updatereporting_win class' $task_ensure param to absent, allow puppet to run, then remove the class.

Design Considerations

Q: Why use the wsusscn2.cab file? A: The IUpdateSearcher search method performs a much faster scan when using an offline scan file. Also, having hundreds and potentially thousands of machines query Microsoft doesn't scale (nor does it work in an air gapped environment).

License

Kms_win is released under the MIT license.