name_service_lookups

Puppet functions for system database lookups.

Wil Cooley

wcooley

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10,598 latest version

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Version information

  • 0.1.0 (latest)
released Aug 23rd 2014
This version is compatible with:
  • Puppet Enterprise 3.x
  • Puppet >=2.7.20 <4.0.0
  • RedHat
    ,
    CentOS
    ,
    Scientific
    ,
    SLES
    ,
    Debian
    ,
    Ubuntu

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Documentation

wcooley/name_service_lookups — version 0.1.0 Aug 23rd 2014

name_service_lookups

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This module is a collection of Puppet functions for system database (NSS) lookups, of the get*by* type.

Included databases:

  • passwd
  • group
  • hosts
  • services

getpwnam

Looks up a user by name. See getpwnam(3).

Given a username as parameter, it returns a hash with the keys:

  • name

  • passwd

  • uid

  • gid

  • gecos

  • dir

  • shell

    Returns undef is no such username exists.

Example:

  getpwnam('root')

Would return (approximately):

  {
    'name':     'root',
    'passwd':   '*',
    'uid':      0,
    'gid':      0,
    'gecos':    'root',
    'dir':      '/root',
    'shell':    '/bin/bash'
  }
  • Type: rvalue

getpwuid

Looks up a user by UID. See getpwuid(3).

Given a user ID as parameter, it returns a hash with the keys:

  • name

  • passwd

  • uid

  • gid

  • gecos

  • dir

  • shell

    Returns undef is no such user ID exists.

Example:

getpwuid(0)

Would return (approximately):

{
    'name':     'root',
    'passwd':   '*',
    'uid':      0,
    'gid':      0,
    'gecos':    'root',
    'dir':      '/root',
    'shell':    '/bin/bash'
}
  • Type: rvalue

getgrgid

Looks up a group by GID. See getgrgid(3).

Given a GID as parameter, it returns a hash with keys:

  • name - The name of the group.
  • passwd - A hashed group password (usually only '*').
  • gid - Group ID (GID).
  • mem - An array of the names of users who are members of the group.

Returns undef if no such group ID exists.

Example:

    getgrgid(0)

Would result in (approximately):

    {
        'name': 'root',
        'passwd': '*',
        'gid': 0,
        'mem': ['root']
    }
  • Type: rvalue

getgrnam

Looks up a group by name. See getgrnam(3).

Given a group name as parameter, it returns a hash with keys:

  • name - The name of the group.
  • passwd - A hashed group password (usually only '*').
  • gid - Group ID (GID).
  • mem - An array of the names of users who are members of the group.

Returns undef if no such group exists.

Example:

getgrnam('root')

Would return (approximately):

{
    'name': 'root',
    'passwd': '*',
    'gid': 0,
    'mem': ['root']
}
  • Type: rvalue

gethostbyaddr

Looks up a host by address. See gethostbyaddr(3).

Given an IP address as parameter, it returns a hash with keys:

  • name - The host name.
  • aliases - An array of aliases for the host name.
  • address - The address of the host.

Example:

gethostbyaddr('127.0.0.1')

Would return (approximately):

{
    'name': 'localhost'
    'aliases': ["1.0.0.127.in-addr.arpa"]
    'address': '127.0.0.1'
}
  • Type: rvalue

gethostbyname

Looks up a host by address. See gethostbyname(3).

Given a host name as a parameter, it returns a hash with keys:

  • name - The host name.

  • aliases - An array of aliases for the host name.

  • address - The address of the host.

    Returns undef if no such host exists.

Example:

gethostbyname('localhost')

Would return (approximately):

{
    'name': 'localhost',
    'aliases': ['localhost.localdomain', '1.0.0.127.in-addr.arpa'],
    'address': '127.0.0.1'
}
  • Type: rvalue

getservbyname

Looks up a service by name. See getservbyname(3).

Given a network service name (such as from /etc/services) and optionally a transport protocol, it returns the associated port number. If a protocol is not specified, the default 'tcp' is used.

Returns undef is no such service name exists.

Example:

getservbyname('syslog', 'udp')

Would return (approximately):

514

Example:

getservbyname('syslog')

Might return:

undef
  • Type: rvalue

getservbyport

Looks up a service by port number. See getservbyport(3). Note that this is only available on Ruby 1.9 and later.

Given a network service port (such as from /etc/services) and optionally a transport protocol, it returns the associated service name. If a protocol is not specified, the default 'tcp' is used.

Returns undef is no such port number exists.

Example:

getservbyport(514)

Would return (approximately):

shell

Example:

getservbyname(514, 'udp')

Would return:

syslog
  • Type: rvalue

Author

Wil Cooley wcooley(at)nakedape.cc

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License

Author:: Wil Cooley (wcooley(at)nakedape.cc)
Copyright:: Copyright (c) 2013 Wil Cooley
License:: Apache License, Version 2.0

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.