impala

Cloudera Impala Puppet Module

CESNET

cesnet

10,277 downloads

6,020 latest version

4.8 quality score

Version information

  • 1.3.1 (latest)
  • 1.3.0
  • 1.2.0
  • 1.1.1
  • 1.1.0
  • 1.0.0
released Apr 19th 2017
This version is compatible with:
  • Puppet Enterprise 2021.0.x, 2019.8.x, 2019.7.x, 2019.5.x, 2019.4.x, 2019.3.x, 2019.2.x, 2019.1.x, 2019.0.x, 2018.1.x, 2017.3.x, 2017.2.x, 2017.1.x, 2016.5.x, 2016.4.x
  • Puppet >= 3.4.0
  • CentOS
    ,
    Debian
    ,
    RedHat
    ,
    Scientific
    ,
    Ubuntu

Start using this module

Documentation

cesnet/impala — version 1.3.1 Apr 19th 2017

##Impala

Build Status Puppet Forge

Table of Contents

  1. Module Description - What the module does and why it is useful
  2. Setup - The basics of getting started with impala
  3. Usage - Configuration options and additional functionality
  4. Reference - An under-the-hood peek at what the module is doing and how
  5. Limitations - OS compatibility, etc.
  6. Development - Guide for contributing to the module

Module Description

Management of Cloudera Impala cluster. All services can be separated across all nodes or collocated as needed.

Puppet >= 3.x is required.

Supported are:

  • Debian 7/wheezy
  • Debian 8/jessie
  • Ubuntu 14/trusty
  • RHEL and clones

Tested with CDH 5.4.7/5.5.0/5.10.0, Impala 2.2.0/2.3.0/2.5.0/2.7.0.

Setup

What impala affects

  • Packages: installs Impala packages as needed
  • Files modified:
  • */etc/impala/conf/**
  • /etc/default/impala
  • /usr/local/sbin/impmanager (when requested in features)
  • /usr/local/bin/impala (when not disabled in features)
  • Alternatives:
  • alternatives are used for /etc/impala/conf
  • this module switches to the new alternative by default, so the original configuration can be kept intact
  • Helper files:
  • */var/lib/impala/.puppet-**
  • Users:
  • impala system user and group are created (from packages or by puppet)
  • Secret Files:
  • permissions of keytab are modified (default location: /etc/security/keytabs/impala.service.keytab)
  • certificate files are copied to /var/lib/impala/*.pem
  • Services: setup and start Impala services as needed (catalog, server, statestore)

Setup Requirements

Hadoop cluster

Hadoop cluster is required. This puppet module should be applied after the Hadoop cluster is orchestrated. For example when using cesnet-hadoop module:

Class['::hadoop::common::hdfs::config'] -> Class['::impala::common::config']
Class['::hbase::common::config'] -> Class['::impala::common::config']

Some settings of Hadoop cluster are required:

  • dfs.datanode.hdfs-blocks-metadata.enabled=true
  • dfs.client.read.shortcircuit=true
  • dfs.domain.socket.path set to location writable by datanodes

Native Hadoop library should be installed.

It is not recommended to install Impala nodes on HDFS Name Node: installing on Name Nodes provides no additional data locality, and executing queries with such a configuration might cause memory contention and negatively impact the HDFS Name Node.

Hive

Hive metastore service is required. You can use cesnet-hive puppet module for it (hive and hive::metastore classes), recommended with MySQL or PostgreSQL database backends (puppetlabs-postgresql or puppetlabs-mysql puppet modules for example).

Hive group (group ownership of HDFS directory /user/hive/warehouse) must be assigned to the impala user.

This is handled automatically. Just make sure the group parameter has the proper value (the same as used in hive).

  1. In deployment with Sentry: we're is using hive group by default and impala is assigned to that group:

    usermod -G hive -a impala

  2. In deployment without Sentry: no group assignment is done by default. When using group parameter, impala is assigned to that group (for example when using users group):

    usermod -G users -a impala

    In deployment without Sentry, all authenticated users are handled without authorization and have all impala user privileges in Hive metastore and HDFS. Use the group parameter in case the missing (permissive) authorization is not an issue. Enabling write access is not needed though - databases can be still created using Hive and they will have proper ownership in that case.

Usage

Beginning with Impala

Basic example:

class { 'impala':
}

include ::impala::frontend
include ::impala::statestore
include ::impala::catalog
include ::impala::server

Cluster example:

class { 'impala':
  catalog_hostname    => 'master.example.com',
  statestore_hostname => 'master.example.com',
  servers             => ['node1.example.com', 'node2.example.com', 'node3.example.com'],
}

node example.com {
  include ::impala::frontend
}

node master.example.com {
  include ::impala::statestore
  include ::impala::catalog
}

node /node\d+\.example\.com/ {
  include ::impala::server
}

###Cluster with more HDFS Name nodes

If there are used more HDFS Name Nodes in the Hadoop cluster (high availability, namespaces, ...), it is needed to have impala system user on all of them to authorization work properly. You could install Impala daemons (using impala::server), but just creating the user is enough (using impala::user).

Note, the impala::hdfs class is available too. It is not needed to use this class (it is here only for similarity with other addons), but it includes the impala::user, so impala::hdfs can be called instead.

Example:

node <HDFS_NAMENODE> {
  include ::impala::hdfs
}

node <HDFS_OTHER_NAMENODE> {
  include ::impala::user
}

###Enable security

SASL GSSAPI module must be installed (installation is not part of this module yet).

Parameters:

  • realm: Kerberos realm, non-empty value enables the security
  • keytab

Client side:

-k, --kerberos option must be used in impala-shell after enabling security.

###SSL support

Certificate files must be prepared before launching impala puppet module:

  • /etc/grid-security/ca-chain.pem
  • /etc/grid-security/hostcery.pem
  • /etc/grid-security/hostkey.pem

Possible parameters:

  • https: true, false (or undef)
  • https_cachain
  • https_certificate
  • https_private_key

Client side:

--ssl option must be used in impala-shell after enabling SSL.

--ca_cert can be used for verifying of Impala certificates.

Reference

  • impala
  • impala::catalog: Impala Catalog (one in the cluster)
  • impala::catalog::config
  • impala::catalog::install
  • impala::catalog::service
  • impala::common::config
  • impala::common::daemon
  • impala::common::install
  • impala::common::postinstall
  • impala::frontend: Impala Frontend (on client)
  • impala::frontend::config
  • impala::frontend::install
  • impala::hdfs: HDFS initialization
  • impala::params
  • impala::server: Impala Server (mostly on each Hadoop Data Node)
  • impala::server::config
  • impala::server::install
  • impala::server::service
  • impala::statestore: Impala Statestore (one in the cluster)
  • impala::statestore::config
  • impala::statestore::install
  • impala::statestore::service
  • impala::user: Create impala system user, if needed

impala class

Configure Impala Puppet Module.

####alternatives

Switches the alternatives used for the configuration. Default: 'cluster' (Debian) or undef.

It can be used only when supported (for example with Cloudera distribution).

####catalog_hostname

Default: $::fqdn.

####debug_enable

Install also debug package and enable core dumps. Default: false.

####group

Hive group on HDFS. Default: undef (without sentry), 'hive' (with sentry).

impala user is added to this group.

See also Setup requirements/Hive.

####features

Enable additional features. Default: { launcher => true }.

Available features:

  • launcher: script in /usr/local to launch impala client
  • manager: script in /usr/local to start/stop all daemons relevant for given node

####https

Enable SSL. Default: undef.

####https_cachain

SSL CA chain file. Default: '/etc/grid-security/ca-chain.pem'.

It is optional, you can disable it by using ::undef. Without the CA chain servers won't check the certificates between Impala daemons.

####https_certificate

SSL certificate file. Default: '/etc/grid-security/hostcert.pem'.

####https_private_key

SSL certificate key. Default: '/etc/grid-security/hostkey.pem'.

The certificate key must be without passphrase.

####keytab

Impala keytab file for catalog and statestore services. Default: '/etc/security/keytab/impala.service.keytab'.

It must contain principals:

  • impala/<HOSTNAME>@<REALM>
  • HTTP/<HOSTNAME>@<REALM>

####parameters

Daemon parameters to set. Default: undef.

Value is a hash with catalog, server, and statestore keys.

####realm

Kerberos realm. Default: undef.

Non-empty value enables Kerberos security.

####servers

Array of Impala server hostnames. Default: [$::fqdn].

####statestore_hostname

Statestore service hostname. Default: $::fqdn.

####udf_enable

Installs also headers on the frontend for development of user defined queries. Default: true.

Limitations

Hadoop cluster and Hive metastore is required. See Setup Requirements.

This module setup Impala cluster and tries to not limit generic usage by doing other stuff. You can have your own repository with Hadoop SW, you can select which Kerberos implementation, or Java version to use. All of that you will probably already have for the Hadoop cluster.

You must install also SASL GSSAPI module package when using security.

Usage with sentry has not been tested.

Development