rsyslog

deprecated
Manage rsyslog v8 configuration

Craig Dunn

crayfishx

8,008 downloads

5,169 latest version

4.5 quality score

Version information

  • 1.1.0 (latest)
  • 1.0.0
  • 0.2.0
  • 0.1.0
released Oct 17th 2017
This version is compatible with:
  • Puppet Enterprise 2018.1.x, 2017.3.x, 2017.2.x, 2017.1.x, 2016.5.x, 2016.4.x
  • Puppet >= 4.4.0 < 6.0.0
This module has been deprecated by its author since Feb 8th 2018.

The author has suggested puppet-rsyslog as its replacement.

Start using this module

Documentation

crayfishx/rsyslog — version 1.1.0 Oct 17th 2017

Build Status

rsyslog

Table of Contents

Description

This module manages the rsyslog server and client configuration. It supports rsyslog v8 and defaults to configuring most things in the newer rainerscript configuration style. Where possible, common configuration patterns have been abstracted so they can be defined in a structured way from hiera. Though there are a lot of customization options with the configuration, highly complex rsyslog configurations are not easily represented in simple data structures and in these circumstances you may have to provide raw rainerscript code to acheive what you need. However, the aim of this module is to abstract as much as possible.

This module is only compatible with Puppet 4.0.0+

Usage

Simply include the rsyslog::client or rsyslog::server class

class { 'rsyslog::server': }

Public classes

rsyslog

Configures base rsyslog packages, service and general configuration

rsyslog::server

Configuration directives for a server

rsyslog::client

Configuration directives for a client

Configuration

Configuration options should be configured in Hiera. Defaults are defined in data/common.yaml within the module

Main system configuration

rsyslog::confdir

Specifies the main directory where the module will place all configuration files (default: rsyslogd)

rsyslog::package_name

The package to install (default: rsyslog)

rsyslog::package_version

Package version/state to install, (default: installed)

rsyslog::feature_packages

An array containing a list of extra packages (features) to install.

rsyslog::manage_package

Enable or disable managing the package (default: true)

rsyslog::manage_confdir

Enable or disable managing the configuration directory (confdir) (default: true)

rsyslog::purge_config_files

When rsyslog::manage_confdir is set to true, this option defines whether or not to purge unmanaged files within the configuration directory (default: true)

rsyslog::config_file

Location of rsyslog main configuration file (default: /etc/rsyslog.conf)

##### rsyslog::override_default_config When set to true, the default configuration file is overridden with just an include statement to the configuration directory .d (default: true)

rsyslog::manage_service

Manage the service or not (default: true)

rsyslog::service_name

Name of the service (default: rsyslog)

rsyslog::service_status

State of the service (default: running)

rsyslog::service_enabled

Whether or not to enable the service (default: true)

rsyslog::external_service

Whether or not to use an external service, be it managed by another module (such as a container service managed by garethr-docker) or unmanaged. MUST be used with rsyslog::service_name and cannot be used with rsyslog::manage_service. (default: false)

Rsyslog Configuration Directives

Config file

By default, everything is configured in a single file under $confdir called 50_rsyslog.conf. This means that packages and other OS specific configurations can also be included (see purge_config_files above). The default file can be changed using the rsyslog::target_file directive and is relative to the confdir.

eg:

rsyslog::target_file: 50_rsyslog.conf

You can, however, define custom confdirs and/or custom paths for configuration files. All configuration options have the following global options you can add to their hiera keys:

  • priority - Order in the file to place the config value relative to the other config options in the file. Takes an integer. Defaults to the priority set for the configuration type. See Ordering for more.
  • target - Target file to place the config values in. Defaults to 50_rsyslog.conf in the default $confdir.
  • confdir - Target configuration directory. Defaults to /etc/rsyslog.d.
Ordering

The following configuration parameters are defaults for the order of configuration object types within the configuration file. They can be overriden for individual object definitions (see configuring objects below)

## Default object type priorities (can be overridden)
rsyslog::global_config_priority: 10
rsyslog::module_load_priority: 20
rsyslog::input_priority: 30
rsyslog::main_queue_priority: 40
rsyslog::parser_priority: 45
rsyslog::template_priority: 50
rsyslog::action_priority: 60
rsyslog::ruleset_priority: 65
rsyslog::lookup_table_priority: 70
rsyslog::legacy_config_priority: 80
rsyslog::custom_priority: 90

Configuring Objects

Configuration objects are written to the configuration file in rainerscript format and can be configured in a more abstract way directly from Hiera. The following configuration object types are supported

Configuration objects should be declared in the rsyslog::server or rsyslog::client namespaces accordingly.

rsyslog::server::modules

A hash of hashes, hash key represents the module name and accepts a hash with values or an empty hash as its value. The hash accepts the following three values:

  • type: values can be external or builtin the default value is external and need not be specified explicitly.
  • config: its a hash which provides optional parameters to the module loaded.
  • priority: The module load order can be priortised based on the optional priority value.

eg:

rsyslog::server::modules:
  imuxsock: {}
  imudp:
    config:
      threads: "2"
      TimeRequery: "8"
      batchSize: "128"
  omusrmsg:
    type: "builtin"
  omfile:
    type: "builtin"
    config:
      fileOwner: "syslog"
      fileGroup: "adm"
      dirGroup: "adm"
      fileCreateMode: "0640"
      dirCreateMode: "0755" 
  impstats:
    type: "external"
    priority: 29
    config:
      interval: "60"
      severity: "7"
      log.syslog: "off"
      log.file: "/var/log/rsyslog/logs/stats/stats.log"
      Ruleset: "remote"

will produce

module (load="imuxsock")
module (load="imudp"
           threads="2"
           TimeRequery="8"
           batchSize="128"

)
module (load="builtin:omusrmsg")
module (load="builtin:omfile"
           fileOwner="syslog"
           fileGroup="adm"
           dirGroup="adm"
           fileCreateMode="0640"
           dirCreateMode="0755"

)
module (load="impstats"
           interval="60"
           severity="7"
           log.syslog="off"
           log.file="/var/log/rsyslog/logs/stats/stats.log"
           Ruleset="remote"

)
rsyslog::server::global_config rsyslog::client::global_config

A hash of hashes, they key represents the configuration setting and the value is a hash with the following keys:

  • value: the value of the setting
  • type: the type of format to use (legacy or rainerscript), if omitted rainerscript is used.

eg:

rsyslog::server::global_config:
  umask:
    value: '0000'
    type: legacy
    priority: 01
  RepeatedMsgReduction:
    value: 'on'
    type: legacy
  PrivDropToUser:
    value: 'syslog'
    type: legacy
  PrivDropToGroup:
    value: 'syslog'
    type: legacy
  parser.escapeControlCharactersOnReceive:
    value: 'on'
  workDirectory:
    value: '/var/spool/rsyslog'
  maxMessageSize:
    value: '64k'

will produce

$umask 0000
$PrivDropToGroup syslog
$PrivDropToUser syslog
$RepeatedMsgReduction on
global (
    parser.escapeControlCharactersOnReceive="on"
    workDirectory="/var/spool/rsyslog"
    maxMessageSize="64k"
  
)
rsyslog::server::main_queue_opts

Configures the main_queue object in rsyslog as a hash. eg:

rsyslog::server::main_queue_opts:
  queue.maxdiskspace: 1000G
  queue.dequeuebatchsize: 1000

will produce

main_queue(
  queue.maxdiskspace="1000G"
  queue.dequeuebatchsize="1000"
)
rsyslog::server::templates

Configures template objects in rsyslog. Each element is a hash containing the name of the template, the type and the template data. The type parameter can be one of string, subtree, plugin or list

eg:

rsyslog::server::templates:
  remote:
    type: string
    string: "/var/log/rsyslog/logs/%fromhost-ip%/%fromhost-ip%.log"
  tpl2:
    type: subtree
    subtree: "$1!$usr"
  someplug:
     type: plugin
     plugin: foobar

will produce

template (name="remote" type="string"
  string="/var/log/rsyslog/logs/%fromhost-ip%/%fromhost-ip%.log"
)

When using list, the list_descriptions hash should contain an array of single element hashes, the key should be constant or property with their corresponding parameters in a sub hash.

eg:

  plain-syslog:
    type: list
    list_descriptions:
      - constant:
          value: '{'
      - constant:
          value: '\"@timestamp\":\"'
      - property:
         name: timereported
         dateFormat: rfc3339
      - constant:
         value: '\",\"host\":\"'
      - property:
         name: hostname
      - constant:
         value: '\",\"severity\":\"'
      - property:
         name: syslogseverity-text
      - constant:
         value: '\",\"facility\":\"'
      - property:
         name: syslogfacility-text
      - constant:
         value: '\",\"tag\":\"'
      - property:
         name: syslogtag
         format: json
      - constant:
         value: '\",\"message\":\"'
      - property:
         name: msg
         format: json
      - constant:
         value: '\"}'

will produce

template (name="plain-syslog" type="list"
)
{
    constant(value="{" )
    constant(value="\"@timestamp\":\"" )
    property(name="timereported" dateFormat="rfc3339" )
    constant(value="\",\"host\":\"" )
    property(name="hostname" )
    constant(value="\",\"severity\":\"" )
    property(name="syslogseverity-text" )
    constant(value="\",\"facility\":\"" )
    property(name="syslogfacility-text" )
    constant(value="\",\"tag\":\"" )
    property(name="syslogtag" format="json" )
    constant(value="\",\"message\":\"" )
    property(name="msg" format="json" )
    constant(value="\"}" )
}

rsyslog::server::actions rsyslog::client::actions

Configures action objects in rainerscript. Each element of the hash contains the type of action, followed by a hash of configuration options. It also accepts an optional facility parameter and the content is formatted based on the no of config options passed and if the facility option is present.

eg:

rsyslog::server::actions:
  all_logs:
    type: omfile
    facility: "*.*;auth,authpriv.none"
    config:
      dynaFile: "remoteSyslog"
      specifics: "/var/log/test"
  kern_logs:
    type: omfile
    facility: "kern.*"
    config:
      dynaFile: "remoteSyslog"
      file: "/var/log/kern.log"
      cmd: "/proc/cmdline"
  elasticsearch:
    type: omelasticsearch
    config:
      queue.type: "linkedlist"
      queue.spoolDirectory: /var/log/rsyslog/queue

will produce

#Note: There is only 2 options passed so formats in a single line.
# all_logs
*.*;auth,authpriv.none         action(type="omfile" dynaFile="remoteSyslog" specifics="/var/log/test" )

#Note: There is more than 2 options passed so formats into multi line with facility.
# kern_logs
kern.*                         action(type="omfile"
                                 dynaFile="remoteSyslog"
                                 file="/var/log/kern.log"
                                 cmd="/proc/cmdline"
                               )

#Note: There is no facility option passed so formats it without facility.
action(type="omelasticsearch"
  queue.type="linkedlist"
  queue.spoolDirectory="/var/log/rsyslog/queue"
)
rsyslog::server::inputs rsyslog::client::inputs

Configures input objects in rainerscript. Each element of the hash contains the type of input, followed by a hash of configuration options. Eg:

rsyslog::server::inputs:
  imudp:
    type: imudp
    config:
      port: '514'

will produce

input(type="imudp"
  port="514"
)
rsyslog::server::lookup_tables

Configures lookup_tables objects in rainerscript AND generates the JSON lookup_table file. Each key of the hash contains the name of the lookup/lookup_table. The elements of the hash contain a json hash containing the values for the JSON file, a lookup_file element that is the path to where the JSON file will be stored, and a reload_on_hup boolean.

The json hash contains 4 elements: version, nolookup, type, and table. They MUST be specified in this order as per the lookup_tables documentation:

  • version - Integer denoting the version/revision of the lookup_table file.
  • nolookup - String denoting what should be returned if a lookup doesn't find a match in the table.
  • type - Enumerable denoting the type of lookup table. This can be string, array, or sparseArray.
  • table - An Array of hashes containing the table index and value for each lookup.
rsyslog::server::lookup_tables:
  ip_lookup:
    json:
      version: 1
      nolookup: 'unk'
      type: 'string'
      table:
        - index: '1.1.1.1'
          value: 'AB'
        - index: '2.2.2.2'
          value: 'CD'
    lookup_file: '/etc/rsyslog.d/tables/ip_lookup.json'
    reload_on_hup: true

will produce

# /etc/rsyslog.d/tables/ip_lookup.json
{
  "version": 1,
  "nomatch": "unk",
  "type": "string",
  "table": [
    {
      "index": "1.1.1.1",
      "value": "A"
    },
    {
      "index": "2.2.2.2",
      "value": "B"
    }
  ]
}

and

lookup_table(name="ip_lookup" file="/etc/rsyslog.d/tables/ip_lookup.json" reloadOnHUP="on")

NOTE: This does not create the actual lookup() call in the Rsyslog configuration file(s). Currently that is only supported via the rsyslog::server::custom_config and rsyslog::client::custom_config resources as it requires setting rsyslog variables (I.E. - set $.iplook = lookup('ip_lookup', $hostname)).

rsyslog::server::parser

Configures parser objects in rainerscript. Each Element of the hash contains the type of parser, followed by a hash of configuration options. Eg:

rsyslog::server::parser:
  pmrfc3164_hostname_with_slashes:
    type: pmrfc3164
    config:
      permit.slashesinhostname: 'on'

will produce

parser(name="pmrfc3164_hostname_with_slashes"
       type="pmrfc3164"
       permit.slashesinhostname="on"
)
rsyslog::server::rulesets

Configures Rsyslog ruleset blocks in rainerscript. There are two elements in the rulesets hash:

  • parameters - settings to pass to the ruleset determining things such as which rsyslog parser to use or the ruleset's queue size.
  • rules - the actual content that goes inside the ruleset. Currently the following are supported:
    • action - rsyslog actions defined inside of the ruleset.
    • lookup - Sets a variable to the results of an rsyslog lookup.
    • set - Set an rsyslog variable
    • call - call a specific action.
  • stop - a Boolean to set if the ruleset ends with a stop or not.
rsyslog::server::rulesets:
  ruleset_eth0_514_tcp:
    parameters:
      parser: pmrfc3164.hostname_with_slashes
      queue.size: '10000'
    rules:
      - set:
          rcv_time: 'exec_template("s_rcv_time")'
      - set:
          utime_gen: 'exec_template("s_unixtime_generated")'
      - set:
          uuid: '$uuid'
      - action:
          name: utf8-fix
          type: mmutf8fix
      - action:
          name: test-action
          type: omfile
          facility: "*.*;auth,authpriv.none"
          config:
            dynaFile: "remoteSyslog"
            specifics: "/var/log/test"
      - action:
          name: test-action2
          type: omfile
          config:
            dynaFile: "remoteSyslog"
            specifics: "/var/log/test"
      - lookup:
          var: srv
          lookup_table: srv-map
          expr: '$fromhost-ip'
      - call: 'action.parse.rawmsg'
      - call: 'action.parse.r_msg'
    stop: true

Will produce:

ruleset (name="ruleset_eth0_514_tcp"
  parser="pmrfc3164.hostname_with_slashes"
  queue.size="10000"
) {
  set $.rcv_time = exec_template("s_rcv_time");
  set $.utime_gen = exec_template("s_unixtime_generated");
  set $.uuid = $uuid;
  # utf8-fix action
  action(type="mmutf8fix"
    name="utf8-fix"
  )
  # test-action action
*.*;auth,authpriv.none         action(type="omfile" 
                                 name="test-action"
                                 dynaFile="remoteSyslog"
                                 specifics="/var/log/test"
                               )
  # test-action2 action
  action(type="omfile"
    name="test-action2"
    dynaFile="remoteSyslog"
    specifics="/var/log/test"
  )
  set $.srv = lookup("srv-map", $fromhost-ip);
  call action.parse.rawmsg
  call action.parse.r_msg
  stop
}

rsyslog::server::legacy_config

Legacy config support is provided to facilitate backwards compatibility with sysklogd format as this module mainly supports rainerscript format.

A hash of hashes, each hash name is used as the comment/reference for the setting and the hash will have the following values:

  • key: the key/logger rule setting
  • value: the value/target of the setting
  • type: the type of format to use (legacy or sysklogd), if omitted sysklogd is used. If legacy type is used key can be skipped and one long string can be provided as value.

eg:

rsyslog::client::legacy_config:
  auth_priv_rule:
    key: "auth,authpriv.*"
    value: "/var/log/auth.log"
  auth_none_rule:
    key: "*.*;auth,authpriv.none"
    value: "/var/log/syslog"
  syslog_all_rule:
    key: "syslog.*"
    value: "/var/log/rsyslog.log"
  mail_error_rule:
    key: "mail.err"
    value: "/var/log/mail.err"
  news_critical_rule:
    key: "news.crit"
    value: "/var/log/news/news.crit"

will produce

# auth_priv_rule
auth,authpriv.*    /var/log/auth.log

# auth_none_rule
*.*;auth,authpriv.none    /var/log/syslog

# syslog_all_rule
syslog.*    /var/log/rsyslog.log

# mail_error_rule
mail.err    /var/log/mail.err

# news_critical_rule
news.crit    /var/log/news/news.crit

legacy type values can be passed as one long string skipping the key parameter like below and you can also override the priority in the hash to rearrange the contents eg:

  emergency_rule:
    key: "*.emerg"
    value: ":omusrmsg:*"
  testing_legacy_remotelog:
    value: "*.* @@logmonster.cloudfront.net:1514"
    type: "legacy"
    priority: 12
  testing_legacy_rule:
    value: "*.* >dbhost,dbname,dbuser,dbpassword;dbtemplate"
    type: "legacy"

will produce

# emergency_rule
*.emerg    :omusrmsg:*

# testing_legacy_rule
*.* >dbhost,dbname,dbuser,dbpassword;dbtemplate

# testing_legacy_remotelog
*.* @@logmonster.cloudfront.net:1514

Positioning

All rsyslog object types are positioned according to the default variables (see Ordering). The position can be overridden for any object by adding the optional priority parameter.

eg:

rsyslog::server::actions:
  elasticsearch:
    type: omelasticsearch
    config:
      queue.type: "linkedlist"
      queue.spoolDirectory: "/var/log/rsyslog/queue"
    priority: 35

Formatting

This module attempts to abstract rainerscript objects into data structures that can be handled easily within hiera, however there are clearly times when you need to add some more code structure around an object, such as conditionals. For simple code additions, the template, action, input and global_config object types support the optional parameter of format which takes Puppet EPP formatted template as a value, using the variable $content to signify the object itself. For example, to wrap an action in a simple conditional you could format it as

eg:

rsyslog::server::actions:
  elasticsearch:
    type: omelasticsearch
    config:
      queue.type: "linkedlist"
      queue.spoolDirectory: "/var/log/rsyslog/queue"
    format: |
      if [ $fromhost == "foo.localdomain"] then {
      <%= $content %>
      }

For more complicated code structures that don't lend themselves well to a structured format, like multiple nested conditionals there is also a special configuration object type called custom_config. custom_config takes two arguments, priority to determine where in the file it should be configured, and content a text string to insert. By default the priority is set by the custom_config_priority parameter (see Ordering)

rsyslog::server::custom_config:
  localhost_action:
    priority: 45
    content: |
      if $fromhost == ["foo.localdomain","localhost"] then {
        action(type="omfile" file="/var/log/syslog")
      } else {
       action(type="omelasticsearch"
         queue.type="linkedlist"
         queue.spoolDirectory="/var/log/rsyslog/queue"
       )
    }

  stop:
    content: |
      if [ $fromhost == "foo" ] then stop

License

  • This module is licensed under Apache 2.0, see LICENSE.txt for more details

Maintainer