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pam

Manage PAM

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Version information

  • 5.1.0 (latest)
  • 5.0.0
  • 4.3.0
  • 4.2.0
  • 4.1.0
  • 4.0.0
  • 3.10.0
  • 3.9.0
  • 3.8.0
  • 3.7.0
  • 3.6.0
  • 3.5.0
  • 3.4.0
  • 3.3.1
  • 3.2.0
  • 3.1.0
  • 3.0.0
  • 2.33.0
  • 2.32.0
  • 2.31.0
  • 2.30.0
  • 2.29.1
  • 2.29.0
  • 2.28.0
  • 2.27.0
  • 2.26.0
  • 2.24.0
  • 2.23.0
  • 2.22.0
  • 2.21.0
  • 2.20.0
  • 2.19.0
  • 2.17.0
  • 2.16.0
  • 2.15.0
  • 2.14.0
  • 2.13.0
  • 2.12.0
  • 2.11.0
  • 2.10.0
  • 2.9.0
  • 2.8.0
  • 2.7.1
  • 2.7.0
  • 2.6.1
  • 2.6.0
  • 2.5.0
  • 2.4.5
  • 2.4.4
  • 2.4.3
  • 2.4.1
  • 2.4.0
  • 2.3.0
  • 1.0.1 (deleted)
  • 1.0.0 (deleted)
released Mar 15th 2024
This version is compatible with:
  • Puppet Enterprise 2023.7.x, 2023.6.x, 2023.5.x, 2023.4.x, 2023.3.x, 2023.2.x, 2023.1.x, 2023.0.x, 2021.7.x, 2021.6.x, 2021.5.x, 2021.4.x, 2021.3.x, 2021.2.x, 2021.1.x, 2021.0.x
  • Puppet >= 7.0.0 < 9.0.0
  • , , , , , , , , ,

Start using this module

  • r10k or Code Manager
  • Bolt
  • Manual installation
  • Direct download

Add this module to your Puppetfile:

mod 'ghoneycutt-pam', '5.1.0'
Learn more about managing modules with a Puppetfile

Add this module to your Bolt project:

bolt module add ghoneycutt-pam
Learn more about using this module with an existing project

Manually install this module globally with Puppet module tool:

puppet module install ghoneycutt-pam --version 5.1.0

Direct download is not typically how you would use a Puppet module to manage your infrastructure, but you may want to download the module in order to inspect the code.

Download

Documentation

ghoneycutt/pam — version 5.1.0 Mar 15th 2024

puppet-module-pam

Table of Contents

  1. Module Description - What the module does and why it is useful
  2. Setup - The basics of getting started with pam
  3. Usage - Configuration options and additional functionality
  4. Limitations - OS compatibility, etc.
  5. Development - Guide for contributing to the module

Module description

This module manages PAM including accesslogin and limits.conf with functionality to create limits fragments for use in other modules. There are examples for using this with VAS/QAS.

Setup

What pam affects

Manages the packages and files regarding PAM. These vary by platform though generally include things such as the following.

  • /etc/pam.conf
  • /etc/pam.d
  • /etc/security/access.conf
  • /etc/security/limits.conf
  • /etc/security/limits.d

The management of /etc/security/access.conf can be controlled by the pam::manage_accesslogin parameter (enabled by default).

The management of /etc/security/faillock.conf can be controlled by the pam::manage_faillock parameter (disabled by default).

The management of /etc/security/pwquality.conf and /etc/security/pwquality.conf.d can be controlled by the pam::manage_pwquality parameter (disabled by default).

Setup requirements

This module requires stdlib. When deployed by default it will require nsswitch. See below for more information.

Optional

nsswitch

By default this module will include the nsswitch class with the settings pam::manage_nsswitch. This module is meant to be used with the Approved nsswitch module.

SSSD

This module has been deployed in production along with sgnl05/sssd. Please see examples/hiera/sssd/RedHat-6.yaml file for an example with the additional SSSD entries added via hiera.

Beginning with pam

Include the main pam class.

Specifying the allowed users

Example using an array

As an array where the origin for each is 'ALL'.

pam::allowed_users:
  - root
  - ops
  - devs

This would create /etc/security/access.conf with the following content.

# This file is being maintained by Puppet.
# DO NOT EDIT
#

# allow only the groups listed
+:root:ALL
+:ops:ALL
+:devs:ALL

# default deny
-:ALL:ALL
Example using a hash

As a hash where the user/group can optionally specify the origin.

pam::allowed_users:
  'username':
  'username1':
    - 'cron'
    - 'tty0'
  'username2': 'tty1'

This would create /etc/security/access.conf with the following content.

# This file is being maintained by Puppet.
# DO NOT EDIT
#

#allow only the groups listed
+:username:ALL
+:username1:cron tty0
+:username2:tty1

# default deny
-:ALL:ALL

Setting limits

Example:
pam::limits_fragments:
  custom:
    list:
      - '* soft nofile 2048'
      - '* hard nofile 8192'
      - '* soft as 3145728'
      - '* hard as 4194304'
      - '* hard maxlogins 300'
      - '* soft cpu 720'
      - '* hard cpu 1440'

This would create /etc/security/limits.d/custom.conf with content

# This file is being maintained by Puppet.
# DO NOT EDIT
* soft nofile 2048
* hard nofile 8192
* soft as 3145728
* hard as 4194304
* hard maxlogins 300
* soft cpu 720
* hard cpu 1440

The parameter pam::limits_fragments_hiera_merge can be set to true to allow Hiera to define and merge limits from multiple locations. Example:

# data/common.yaml
---
pam::limits_fragments_hiera_merge: true
pam::limits_fragments:
  custom:
    list:
      - '* soft nofile 2048'
      - '* hard nofile 8192'
# data/os/RedHat/8.yaml
---
pam::limits_fragments:
  custom:
    list:
      - '* soft as 3145728'
      - '* hard as 4194304'

The contents of /etc/security/limits.d can optionally be purged of unmanaged files.

pam::limits::purge_limits_d_dir: true

Below is an example of ignoring certain files from the limits.d purge:

pam::limits::purge_limits_d_dir_ignore: 'ignore*.conf'

The ignore can also be an Array of file names

pam::limits::purge_limits_d_dir_ignore:
  - custom.conf
  - foo.conf

Specifying the content of a service

Manage PAM file for specific service.

Example:

You can specify a hash to manage the services in Hiera

pam::services:
  'sudo':
    content : 'auth     required       pam_unix2.so'

Manage faillock

Management of faillock and faillock.conf is enabled via pam::manage_faillock.

The following example would enable faillock, configure it, and add it to the PAM stack.

pam::manage_faillock: true
pam::faillock::deny: 3
pam::pam_auth_lines:
  - 'auth        required      pam_env.so'
  - 'auth        required      pam_faillock.so preauth silent audit deny=5 unlock_time=900'
  - 'auth        sufficient    pam_unix.so try_first_pass nullok'
  - 'auth        [default=die] pam_faillock.so authfail audit deny=5 unlock_time=900'
  - 'auth        required      pam_deny.so'
pam::pam_account_lines:
  - 'account     required      pam_faillock.so'
  - 'account     required      pam_unix.so'
pam::pam_password_auth_lines:
  - 'auth        required      pam_env.so'
  - 'auth        required      pam_faillock.so preauth silent audit deny=5 unlock_time=900'
  - 'auth        sufficient    pam_unix.so try_first_pass nullok'
  - 'auth        [default=die] pam_faillock.so authfail audit deny=5 unlock_time=900'
  - 'auth        required      pam_deny.so'
pam::pam_password_account_lines:
  - 'account     required      pam_faillock.so'
  - 'account     required      pam_unix.so'

Manage pwquality

Management of pwquality and pwquality.conf is enabled via pam::manage_pwquality.

The following example would enable pwquality, configure it, and add it to the PAM stack.

pam::manage_pwquality: true
pam::pwquality::retry: 3
pam::pwquality::maxclassrepeat: 4
pam::pwquality::maxrepeat: 3
pam::pwquality::minclass: 4
pam::pwquality::difok: 8
pam::pwquality::minlen: 15
pam::pam_password_lines:
  - 'password    requisite     pam_pwquality.so try_first_pass local_users_only difok=3 minlen=15 dcredit= 2 ocredit=2'
  - 'password    sufficient    pam_unix.so try_first_pass use_authtok nullok sha512 shadow'
  - 'password    required      pam_deny.so'
pam::pam_password_password_lines:
  - 'password    requisite     pam_pwquality.so try_first_pass local_users_only difok=3 minlen=15 dcredit= 2 ocredit=2'
  - 'password    sufficient    pam_unix.so try_first_pass use_authtok nullok sha512 shadow'
  - 'password    required      pam_deny.so'

Usage

Minimal and normal usage.

include pam

Limitations

This module has been tested to work on the following systems with Puppet versions 7 and 8 with the Ruby version associated with those releases. Please see .github/workflows/ci.yaml for a full matrix of supported versions. This module aims to support the current and previous major Puppet versions.

  • EL 7
  • EL 8
  • EL 9
  • Amazon Linux 2
  • Debian 10
  • Debian 11
  • Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
  • Ubuntu 22.04 LTS

May work

These platforms have spec tests and have been verified in the past, though are not functionally tested and formally supported.

The Hiera data for some of these platforms can be found in examples/hiera/eol.

  • EL 5
  • EL 6
  • Solaris 9
  • Solaris 10
  • Solaris 11
  • Suse 9
  • Suse 10
  • Suse 11
  • Suse 12
  • Suse 15
  • OpenSuSE 13.1
  • Debian 7
  • Debian 8
  • Debian 9
  • Ubuntu 12.04 LTS
  • Ubuntu 14.04 LTS
  • Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
  • Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Development

See CONTRIBUTING.md for information related to the development of this module.