websphere

Manages IBM WebSphere Application Server

Josh Beard

joshbeard

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Version information

  • 0.1.1 (latest)
released Feb 11th 2015
This version is compatible with:
  • RedHat
    ,
    CentOS
    ,
    OracleLinux
    ,
    AIX

Start using this module

Tags: ibm, websphere, was

Documentation

joshbeard/websphere — version 0.1.1 Feb 11th 2015

IBM WebSphere

Table of Contents

  1. Overview
  2. TODO
  3. Reference
  4. Usage
  5. Limitations
  6. Dependencies
  7. Authors
  8. Contributors

Test Status

Overview

Manages the deployment and configuration of IBM WebSphere Cells.

  • DMGR systems and configuration
  • Application Servers and configuration
  • IHS Servers in the context of WebSphere

Most documentation has been split into individual documents in the docs directory and linked to, in context, throughout this document.

TODO

There's plenty to do here. WebSphere is a huge stack and this module only manages some core functions. See CONTRIBUTING.md for information on contributing.

Some of the immediate needs:

  • Revise types/providers. Clean up the code, add validation and documentation.
    • websphere_cluster_member doesn't manage the individual properties on the first run. The first run creates the member and subsequent runs configure it. Need to resolve this - it's a provider issue.
  • Manage WAS security.
  • Manage certificates.
  • Improve the run order issues. See the ISSUES.md file for details.
  • Documentation and examples.
  • Vagrant environment (I have one, just need to clean it up)

Reference

Facts

The following facts are provided by this module:

Fact name Description
instance_name This is the name of a WebSphere instance. Basically, the base directory name.
instance_target The full path to where a particular instance is installed.
instance_user The user that "owns" this instance.
instance_group The group that "owns" this instance.
instance_profilebase The full path to where profiles for this instance are located.
instance_version The version of WebSphere an instance is running.
instance_package The package name a WebSphere instance was installed from.
websphere_profiles A comma-separated list of profiles discovered on a system across instances.
websphere_profile_cell_node_soap The SOAP port for an instance. This is particuarily relevant on the DMGR so App servers can federate with it.

Examples:

Assuming we've installed a WebSphere instance called "WebSphere":

websphere_group => webadmins
websphere_name => WebSphere
websphere_package => com.ibm.websphere.NDTRIAL.v85
websphere_profile_base => /opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles
websphere_target => /opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer
websphere_user => webadmin
websphere_version => 8.5.5004.20141119_1746
websphere_base_dir => /optIBM
websphere_profile_dmgr_01_cell_01_appnode01_soap => 8878
websphere_profile_dmgr_01_cell_01_node_dmgr_01_soap => 8879
websphere_profiles => PROFILE_DMGR_01

Or if we've installed a WebSphere instance called "WebSphere85" to a custom location:

websphere85_group => webadmins
websphere85_name => WebSphere85
websphere85_package => com.ibm.websphere.NDTRIAL.v85
websphere85_profile_base => /opt/myorg/IBM/WebSphere85/AppServer/profiles
websphere85_target => /opt/myorg/IBM/WebSphere85/AppServer
websphere85_user => webadmin
websphere85_version => 8.5.5004.20141119_1746
websphere_base_dir => /opt/myorg/IBM
websphere_profile_dmgr_01_cell_01_appnode01_soap => 8878
websphere_profile_dmgr_01_cell_01_node_dmgr_01_soap => 8879
websphere_profiles => PROFILE_DMGR_01

Classes

Only one class currently exists in this class - the base class. Since this module was designed for "multiple instances of anything", most things are defined types.

Class Name Description
websphere Base class. Manages a user and group, a couple of data directories for WebSphere, and a YAML fact that includes metadata about WebSphere installations.

The following directories will be managed by the base class:

  • ${base_dir}/.java
  • ${base_dir}/.java/systemPrefs
  • ${base_dir}/.java/userPrefs
  • ${base_dir}/workspace
  • /opt/IBM/.java
  • /opt/IBM/.java/systemPrefs
  • /opt/IBM/.java/userPrefs
  • /opt/IBM/workspace

These directories appear to be necessary for the proper functionality of the various IBM tools we use to manage the WebSphere deployment.

Defined Types

The following defined types are provided by this module.

Each defined type is documented in a separate document in the docs/defines directory.

Defined Type Name Description
websphere::instance Manages the base installation of a WebSphere instance.
websphere::package Manages the installation of IBM packages and the ownership of the installation directory.
websphere::ownership Manages the ownership of a specified path. See notes below for the usecase for this.
websphere::profile::dmgr Manages a DMGR profile.
websphere::profile::appserver Manages an application server profile.
websphere::profile::service Manages the service for a profile (DMGR or Application Server).
websphere::ihs::instance Manages the installation of an IHS instance.
websphere::ihs::server Manages server instances on an IHS system.
websphere::cluster Manage WebSphere clusters.
websphere::cluster::member Manage WebSphere cluster members and their services.

Types

The following native (Ruby) types are provided by this module.

Each type is documented in a separate document in the docs/types directory.

Type Description
websphere_app_server Manages WebSphere Application Servers
websphere_cluster Manages the creation of WebSphere clusters on a DMGR.
websphere_cluster_member Manages cluster members, including various settings.
websphere_cluster_member_service Manages a cluster member service.
websphere_federate Manages the federation of an application server with a cell.
websphere_jdbc_datasource Manages datasources.
websphere_jdbc_provider Manages JDBC providers.
websphere_jvm_log Manages the JVM logging properties for nodes or servers.
websphere_node Manages the creation of unmanaged nodes in a WebSphere cell.
websphere_sdk Manages the SDK version for a WebSphere profile or server.
websphere_variable Manages WebSphere environment variables.
websphere_web_server Manages the creation and configuration of WebSphere web servers.

Usage

Examples

0. Installation Manager

Before you do anything with this module, you need IBM Installation Manager installed.

A module has been created to manage the IBM Installation Manager, available at https://github.com/joshbeard/puppet-ibm_installation_manager

Once you have the module, you can manage the installation of the Installation Manager like this:

class { 'ibm_installation_manager':
  source_dir => '/mnt/myorg/IM',
  target     => '/opt/IBM/InstallationManager',
}

Here, we assume the package downloaded from IBM has been extracted to /mnt/myorg/IM and we want to install it to /opt/IBM/InstallationManager

References:

1. The base class

To get started, declare the base class. You should declare this on any server that will use this module - DMGR, App Servers, and IHS.

In this example, we provide a user and a group. We want the installation to be owned and ran by this user/group.

We also specify a base_dir (although /opt/IBM is the default). This is the directory where our IBM software goes. This is the IBM default.

class { 'websphere':
  user     => 'webadmin',
  group    => 'webadmins',
  base_dir => '/opt/IBM',
}

2. An instance

The word "instance" used throughout this module basically refers to a complete installation of WebSphere. Ideally, you'd just have a single instance of WebSphere on a given system. This module, however, does offer the flexibility to have multiple installations. This is useful for cases where you want two different major versions available (e.g. WAS 7 and WAS 8).

In this example, we're installing to the IBM-default location of /opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer. This is actually the module default as well, but it's specified here for clarity. We also provide a package and version.

We're assuming the WebSphere installer has been downloaded and extracted to /mnt/myorg/was and the corresponding repository.config file is located there.

The user and group don't need to be specified here, because we specified them when we declared the base class. The instance defined type will use those as its defaults.

websphere::instance { 'WebSphere85':
  target       => '/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer',
  package      => 'com.ibm.websphere.NDTRIAL.v85',
  version      => '8.5.5000.20130514_1044',
  profile_base => '/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles',
  repository   => '/mnt/myorg/was/repository.config',

Let's assume we have a response file that we want to use. The response file contains the package name, version, repository location, and the target to install to. We can use it like this:

websphere::instance { 'WebSphere85':
  response     => '/mnt/myorg/was/was85_response.xml',
  profile_base => '/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles',
}

References:

3. FixPacks

It's common to install an IBM "FixPack" after the base installation. Following the examples above, we've installed WebSphere 8.5.5.0. Let's say we want to install the WebSphere 8.5.5.4 fixpack. We can do so using the websphere::package defined type:

websphere::package { 'WebSphere_8554':
  ensure     => 'present',
  package    => 'com.ibm.websphere.NDTRIAL.v85',
  version    => '8.5.5004.20141119_1746',
  repository => '/mnt/myorg/was_8554/repository.config',
  target     => '/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer',
  require    => Websphere::Instance['WebSphere85'],
}

In the above example, we're installing the 8.5.5.4 FixPack right on top of the existing 8.5.5.0 installation. We also use the require metaparameter to enforce the ordering.

An example of installing Java 7:

websphere::package { 'Java7':
  ensure     => 'present',
  package    => 'com.ibm.websphere.IBMJAVA.v71',
  version    => '7.1.2000.20141116_0823',
  target     => '/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer',
  repository => '/mnt/myorg/java7/repository.config',
  require    => Websphere::Package['WebSphere_8554'],
}

In the above example, we install the Java 7 package to our WebSphere location. We also use the require metaparameter here to enforce ordering - we want the Java7 installation to be managed after WebSphere 8.5.5.4 is.

References:

4. Profiles

Once we have the base software installed, we need to create a profile. A profile is basically the runtime enironment. A server can potentially have multiple profiles. A DMGR profile is ultimately what defines a given "cell" in WebSphere.

In the following example, we create a DMGR profile called PROFILE_DMGR_01 and call the cell that gets created CELL_01. We also call the DMGR node dmgrNode01 in this example.

Finally, we use the subscribe metaparameter to set relationships with our base installations. If those change, the resources in websphere::profile::dmgr will be refreshed if needed.

# Example DMGR profile
websphere::profile::dmgr { 'PROFILE_DMGR_01':
  instance_base => '/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer',
  profile_base  => '/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles',
  cell          => 'CELL_01',
  node_name     => 'dmgrNode01',
  subscribe     => [
    Websphere::Package['Websphere_8554'],
    Websphere::Package['Java7'],
  ],
}

When a DMGR profile is created, this module will use Puppet's exported resources to export a file resource that contains information needed for application servers to federate with it. This includes the SOAP port and the host name (fqdn).

The DMGR profile will, by default, collect any exported websphere_node, websphere_web_server, and websphere_jvm_log resources.

An application server's profile looks quite similar:

# Example Application Server profile
websphere::profile::appserver { 'PROFILE_APP_001':
  instance_base  => '/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer',
  profile_base   => '/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles',
  cell           => 'CELL_01',
  template_path  => '/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profileTemplates/managed',
  dmgr_host      => 'dmgr.example.com',
  node_name      => 'appNode01',
  manage_sdk     => true,
  sdk_name       => '1.7.1_64',
}

Here, we provide the cell that we want to federate with. We also want to manage the SDK version and ensure it's set to '1.7.1_64'.

When creating an application server profile, the file resource that was exported by the DMGR will be collected. The criteria for collecting is a DMGR hostname and cell name. This allows the application server to know which SOAP port to use for federation. This is the default behavior of the module.

References:

5. Clusters

Once profiles are created on the DMGR and an application server, we're probably interested in creating a cluster and adding application servers to it.

DMGR

The DMGR should declare a websphere::cluster resource:

# Manage a cluster on the DMGR
websphere::cluster { 'MyCluster01':
  profile_base => '/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles',
  dmgr_profile => 'PROFILE_DMGR_01',
  cell         => 'CELL_01',
  require      => Websphere::Profile::Dmgr['PROFILE_DMGR_01'],
}

In this example, a cluster called MyCluster01 will be created. We need to provide a profile_base and dmgr_profile to know where this cluster should be created. Additionally, we use the require metaparameter to set a relationship between the profile and the cluster. We want to ensure that the profile has been managed before attempting to manage the cluster.

Application Server

There's a couple of ways to add cluster members. The DMGR can explicitly declare each one or the members themselves can export a resource to do so.

In the following example, we define a websphere::cluster::member resource on an application server and export it. The two "at" symbols (@@) indicate that this is an exported resource.

# Export myself as a cluster member
@@websphere::cluster::member { 'AppServer01':
  ensure                           => 'present',
  cluster                          => 'MyCluster01',
  node                             => 'appNode01',
  cell                             => 'CELL_01',
  jvm_maximum_heap_size            => '512',
  jvm_verbose_mode_class           => true,
  jvm_verbose_garbage_collection   => false,
  total_transaction_timeout        => '120',
  client_inactivity_timeout        => '20',
  threadpool_webcontainer_max_size => '75',
  runas_user                       => 'webadmin',
  runas_group                      => 'webadmins',
}

In this example, we're adding a member from the node appNode01 that we created when we managed the profile to the MyCluster01 cluster in the CELL_01 cell. We're also specifying a few various JVM parameters, including the "runas" user and group.

How does this work?

The DMGR declared the websphere::cluster defined type, which will automatically collect any exported resources that match its cell. Every time Puppet runs on the DMGR, it will search for exported resources to declare on that host.

On the application server, the "@@" prefixed to the resource type exports that resource, which can be collected by the DMGR the next time Puppet runs.

The examples above illustrate the module's default behavior. It is possible to manage clusters without exported resources.

If you do not want to use exported resources, the DMGR host can explicitly declare each member that it should add. For example:

websphere::cluster::member { 'AppServer01':
  ensure       => 'present',
  cluster      => 'MyCluster01',
  node         => 'appNode01',
  cell         => 'CELL_01',
  profile_base => '/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles',
  dmgr_profile => 'PROFILE_DMGR_01',
}

This is obviously less dynamic. The user also needs to ensure that the profile is ready on the application server.

References:

6. Conclusion

Following the examples above, WebSphere should be installed with a fixpack and Java7, profiles should be created and federated, and a cluster should be created with the application server as a member.

At this point, we can tune our installation.

7. Variables

This module provides a type to manage WebSphere environment variables.

In the example below, we want to ensure a variable called LOG_ROOT is set for the node appNode01.

Node scoped variable

# Example of a node scoped variable
websphere_variable { 'appNode01Logs':
  ensure       => 'present',
  variable     => 'LOG_ROOT',
  value        => '/var/log/websphere/wasmgmtlogs/appNode01',
  scope        => 'node',
  node         => 'appNode01',
  cell         => 'CELL_01',
  dmgr_profile => 'PROFILE_APP_001',
  profile_base => '/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles',
  user         => 'webadmin',
  require      => Websphere::Profile::Appserver['PROFILE_APP_001'],
}

Server scoped variable

# Example of a server scoped variable
# NOTE: This will cause a FAILURE during the first Puppet run because the
# cluster member has not yet been created on the DMGR.
websphere_variable { 'AppServer01Logs':
  ensure       => 'present',
  variable     => 'LOG_ROOT',
  value        => '/opt/log/websphere/appserverlogs',
  scope        => 'server',
  server       => 'AppServer01',
  node         => 'appNode01',
  cell         => 'CELL_01',
  dmgr_profile => 'PROFILE_APP_001',
  profile_base => $profile_base,
  user         => $user,
  require      => Websphere::Profile::Appserver['PROFILE_APP_001'],
}

In the example above, we manage a server scoped variable for the AppServer01 server. The AppServer01 server was created as part of the websphere::cluster::member defined type.

A caveat here is that server-scoped variables cannot be managed until/unless a corresponding cluster member exists on the DMGR. Some solutions to this are being thought about, but that's the current reality.

Optionally, these variables can be declared on the DMGR. This will enable you to set relationships between the cluster member and the variable resource. However, this sacrifices some of the dynamic nature of the module.

Reference:

8. JVM Logs

This module provides a websphere_jvm_log type that can be used to manage JVM logging properties, such as log rotation criteria.

websphere_jvm_log { "AppNode01":
  profile             => 'PROFILE_APP_001',
  profile_base        => '/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles',
  cell                => 'CELL_01',
  scope               => 'node',
  node                => 'appNode01',
  server              => 'AppServer01',
  out_filename        => '/tmp/SystemOut.log',
  out_rollover_type   => 'BOTH',
  out_rollover_size   => '7',
  out_maxnum          => '200',
  out_start_hour      => '13',
  out_rollover_period => '24',
  err_filename        => '/tmp/SystemErr.log',
  err_rollover_type   => 'BOTH',
  err_rollover_size   => '7',
  err_maxnum          => '3',
  err_start_hour      => '13',
  err_rollover_period => '24',
  require             => Websphere::Profile::Appserver['PROFILE_APP_001'],
}

In the example above, we want to manage the JVM logs for the appNode01 node.

We want to rotate the "out" log based on time and size. We specify that via the _rollover_type parameter for each. We want to rotate every 7MB, which we specify via the _rollover_size parameter. We want to keep a maximum of 200 historical logs for the SystemOut, and only 3 for the SystemErr. We want the time-based log rotation to occur at "1300" hours (1PM), and rotate every 24 hours.

Reference:

9. JDBC Providers and Datasources

This module supports creating JDBC providers and data sources. At this time, it does not support the removal of JDBC providers or datasources or changing their configuration after they're created.

JDBC Provider:

An example of creating a JDBC provider called "Puppet Test", using Oracle, at node scope:

websphere_jdbc_provider { 'Puppet Test':
  ensure         => 'present',
  dmgr_profile   => 'PROFILE_DMGR_01',
  profile_base   => '/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles',
  user           => 'webadmin',
  scope          => 'node',
  cell           => 'CELL_01',
  node           => 'appNode01',
  server         => 'AppServer01',
  dbtype         => 'Oracle',
  providertype   => 'Oracle JDBC Driver',
  implementation => 'Connection pool data source',
  description    => 'Created by Puppet',
  classpath      => '${ORACLE_JDBC_DRIVER_PATH}/ojdbc6.jar',
}

JDBC Datasource:

An example of creating a datasource, utilizing the JDBC provider we created, at node scope:

websphere_jdbc_datasource { 'Puppet Test':
  ensure                        => 'present',
  dmgr_profile                  => 'PROFILE_DMGR_01',
  profile_base                  => '/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles',
  user                          => 'webadmin',
  scope                         => 'node',
  cell                          => 'CELL_01',
  node                          => 'appNode01',
  server                        => 'AppServer01',
  jdbc_provider                 => 'Puppet Test',
  jndi_name                     => 'myTest',
  data_store_helper_class       => 'com.ibm.websphere.rsadapter.Oracle11gDataStoreHelper',
  container_managed_persistence => true,
  url                           => 'jdbc:oracle:thin:@//localhost:1521/sample',
  description                   => 'Created by Puppet',
}

JDBC Provider at cell scope:

websphere_jdbc_provider { 'Puppet Test':
  ensure         => 'present',
  dmgr_profile   => 'PROFILE_DMGR_01',
  profile_base   => '/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles',
  user           => 'webadmin',
  scope          => 'cell',
  cell           => 'CELL_01',
  dbtype         => 'Oracle',
  providertype   => 'Oracle JDBC Driver',
  implementation => 'Connection pool data source',
  description    => 'Created by Puppet',
  classpath      => '${ORACLE_JDBC_DRIVER_PATH}/ojdbc6.jar',
}

JDBC Datasource at cell scope:

websphere_jdbc_datasource { 'Puppet Test':
  ensure                        => 'present',
  dmgr_profile                  => 'PROFILE_DMGR_01',
  profile_base                  => '/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles',
  user                          => 'webadmin',
  scope                         => 'cell',
  cell                          => 'CELL_01',
  jdbc_provider                 => 'Puppet Test',
  jndi_name                     => 'myTest',
  data_store_helper_class       => 'com.ibm.websphere.rsadapter.Oracle11gDataStoreHelper',
  container_managed_persistence => true,
  url                           => 'jdbc:oracle:thin:@//localhost:1521/sample',
  description                   => 'Created by Puppet',
}

References:

10. IHS

This module has basic support for managing IBM HTTP Server (IHS) in the context of WebSphere.

In the example below, we install IHS to /opt/IBM/HTTPServer, install the WebSphere plug-ins for IHS, and create a server instance. By default, this module will automatically export a websphere_node and websphere_web_server resource via the websphere::ihs::server defined type. These exported resources will, by default, be collected by the DMGR and realized. Basically, by default, an IHS server will automatically be setup in the DMGR's cell.

websphere::ihs::instance { 'HTTPServer':
  target           => '/opt/IBM/HTTPServer',
  package          => 'com.ibm.websphere.IHSILAN.v85',
  version          => '8.5.5000.20130514_1044',
  repository       => '/mnt/myorg/ihs/repository.config',
  install_options  => '-properties user.ihs.httpPort=80',
  user             => 'webadmin',
  group            => 'webadmins',
  manage_user      => false,
  manage_group     => false,
  log_dir          => '/opt/log/websphere/httpserver',
  admin_username   => 'httpadmin',
  admin_password   => 'password',
  webroot          => '/opt/web',
}

websphere::package { 'Plugins':
  ensure     => 'present',
  target     => '/opt/IBM/Plugins',
  repository => '/mnt/myorg/plugins/repository.config',
  package    => 'com.ibm.websphere.PLGILAN.v85',
  version    => '8.5.5000.20130514_1044',
  require    => Websphere::Ihs::Instance['HTTPServer'],
}

websphere::ihs::server { 'test':
  target      => '/opt/IBM/HTTPServer',
  log_dir     => '/opt/log/websphere/httpserver',
  plugin_dir  => '/opt/IBM/Plugins/config/test',
  plugin_base => '/opt/IBM/Plugins',
  cell        => 'CELL_01',
  config_file => '/opt/IBM/HTTPServer/conf/httpd_test.conf',
  access_log  => '/opt/log/websphere/httpserver/access_log',
  error_log   => '/opt/log/websphere/httpserver/error_log',
  listen_port => '10080',
  require     => Websphere::Package['Plugins'],
}

References:

Others

TODO: Add more examples here.

See the examples directory for now.

Once it's up, you should be able to reach the DMGR console at something like:

http://<host>:9060/ibm/console/unsecureLogon.jsp

Limitations

Tested and developed with IBM WebSphere Application Server Network Deployment.

Tested and developed with IBM WebSphere 8.5.0.x and 8.5.5.x on:

  • CentOS 6 x86_64
  • RHEL 6 x86_64
  • AIX 6.1, 7.1

Dependencies

Authors

Copyright 2015 Puppet Labs, Inc.

Josh Beard beard@puppetlabs.com

Contributors