Puppet nftables module

Vox Pupuli



301 latest version

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Version information

  • 1.2.0 (latest)
  • 1.1.1
  • 1.1.0
  • 1.0.0
released Mar 3rd 2021
This version is compatible with:
  • Puppet Enterprise 2021.0.x, 2019.8.x, 2019.7.x, 2019.5.x, 2019.4.x, 2019.3.x, 2019.2.x, 2019.1.x, 2019.0.x
  • Puppet >= 5.10.0 < 8.0.0
  • CentOS

Start using this module


puppet/nftables — version 1.2.0 Mar 3rd 2021

nftables puppet module

Puppet Forge Puppet Forge - downloads docs Apache-2.0 License

This module manages an opinionated nftables configuration.

By default it sets up a firewall that drops every incoming and outgoing connection.

It only allows outgoing dns, ntp and web and ingoing ssh traffic, although this can be overridden using parameters.

The config file has a inet filter and a ip nat table setup.

Additionally, the module comes with a basic infrastructure to hook into different places.

nftables config

The main configuration file loaded by the nftables service will be files/config/puppet.nft, all other files created by that module go into files/config/puppet and will also be purged if not managed anymore.

The main configuration file includes dedicated files for the filter and nat tables, as well as processes any custom-*.nft files before hand.

The filter and NAT tables both have all the master chains (INPUT, OUTPUT, FORWARD in case of filter and PREROUTING and POSTROUTING in case of NAT) configured, to which you can hook in your own chains that can contain specific rules.

All filter masterchains drop by default. By default we have a set of default_MASTERCHAIN chains configured to which you can easily add your custom rules.

For specific needs you can add your own chain.

There is a global chain, that defines the default behavior for all masterchains. This chain is empty by default.

INPUT and OUTPUT to the loopback device is allowed by default, though you could restrict it later.

Rules Validation

Initially puppet deploys all configuration to /etc/nftables/puppet-preflight/ and /etc/nftables/puppet-preflight.nft. This is validated with nfc -c -L /etc/nftables/puppet-preflight/ -f /etc/nftables/puppet-preflight.nft. If and only if successful the configuration will be copied to the real locations before the service is reloaded.


Manages a raw file in /etc/nftables/puppet/${name}.nft

Use this for any custom table files.


Prepares a chain file as a concat file to which you will be able to add dedicated rules through nftables::rule.

The name must be unique for all chains. The inject parameter can be used to directly add a jump to a masterchain. inject must follow the pattern ORDER-MASTERCHAIN, where order references a 2-digit number which defines the rule order (by default use e.g. 20) and masterchain references the chain to hook in the new chain. It's possible to specify the in-interface name and out-interface name for the inject rule.


A simple way to add rules to any chain. The name must be: CHAIN_NAME-rulename, where CHAIN_NAME refers to your chain and an arbitrary name for your rule. The rule will be a concat::fragment to the chain CHAIN_NAME.

You can define the order by using the order param.

Before defining your own rule, take a look to the list of ready-to-use rules available in the REFERENCE, somebody might have encapsulated a rule definition for you already.


Adds a named set to a given table. It allows composing the set using individual parameters but also takes raw input via the content and source parameters.


Allows expressing firewall rules without having to use nftables's language by adding an abstraction layer a-la-Firewall. It's rather limited how far you can go so if you need rather complex rules or you can speak nftables it's recommended to use nftables::rule directly.