chocolatey

supported
pdk
Chocolatey package provider for Puppet
Puppet

Puppet

puppetlabs

859,485 downloads

13,802 latest version

4.4 quality score

Version information

  • 5.1.1 (latest)
  • 5.1.0
  • 5.0.2
  • 5.0.1
  • 5.0.0
  • 4.1.0
  • 4.0.0
  • 3.3.0
  • 3.2.0
  • 3.1.1
  • 3.1.0
  • 3.0.0
  • 2.0.2
  • 2.0.1
  • 2.0.0
  • 0.8.0
  • 0.7.0
released Aug 28th 2020
This version is compatible with:
  • Puppet Enterprise 2019.8.x, 2019.7.x, 2019.5.x, 2019.4.x, 2019.3.x, 2019.2.x, 2019.1.x, 2019.0.x, 2018.1.x
  • Puppet >= 5.5.10 < 7.0.0
  • Windows

Start using this module

Documentation

puppetlabs/chocolatey — version 5.1.1 Aug 28th 2020

chocolatey

Build Status Build status

Chocolatey for Business Now Available!

We're excited for you to learn more about what's available in the Business editions!

Table of Contents

  1. Overview
  2. Module Description - What the chocolatey module does and why it is useful
  3. Setup - The basics of getting started with chocolatey
  4. Usage - Configuration options and additional functionality
  5. Reference
  6. Limitations - OS compatibility, etc.
  7. Development - Guide for contributing to the module
  8. Attributions

Overview

This is a Puppet package provider for Chocolatey, which is like apt-get, but for Windows. Check the module's metadata.json for compatible Puppet and Puppet Enterprise versions.

Module Description

This is the official module for working with the Chocolatey package manager. There are two versions available:

  • puppetlabs/chocolatey
    • This is the stable version and is commercially supported by Puppet.
    • It is slower moving, but offers greater stability and fewer changes.
  • chocolatey/chocolatey
    • This is the bleeding edge version and is not commercially supported by Puppet.
    • It keeps up with all the new features, but is not as fully tested.

This module supports all editions of Chocolatey, including FOSS, Professional and Chocolatey for Business.

This module is able to:

  • Install Chocolatey
  • Work with custom location installations
  • Configure Chocolatey
  • Use Chocolatey as a package provider

Why Chocolatey

Chocolatey closely mimics how package managers on other operating systems work. If you can imagine the built-in provider for Windows versus Chocolatey, take a look at the use case of installing git:

# Using built-in provider
package { "Git version 1.8.4-preview20130916":
  ensure    => installed,
  source    => 'C:\temp\Git-1.8.4-preview20130916.exe',
  install_options => ['/VERYSILENT']
}
# Using Chocolatey (set as default for Windows)
package { 'git':
  ensure   => latest,
}

With the built-in provider:

With Chocolatey's provider:

  • The package name only has to match the name of the package, which can be whatever you choose.
  • The package knows how to install the software silently.
  • The package knows where to get the executable installer.
  • The source is able to specify different Chocolatey feeds.
  • Chocolatey makes package more platform agnostic, because it looks exactly like other platforms.

For reference, read about the provider features available from the built-in provider, compared to other package managers:

Provider holdable install options installable package settings purgeable reinstallable uninstall options uninstallable upgradeable versionable virtual packages
Windows x x x x x
Chocolatey x x x x x x x
apt x x x x x x x
yum x x x x x x x

Setup

What Chocolatey affects

Chocolatey affects your system and what software is installed on it, ranging from tools and portable software, to natively installed applications.

Setup Requirements

Chocolatey requires the following components:

  • Powershell v2+ (Installed on most systems by default)
  • .NET Framework v4+

Beginning with Chocolatey provider

Install this module via any of these approaches:

Usage

Manage Chocolatey installation

Ensure Chocolatey is installed and configured:

include chocolatey

Override default Chocolatey install location

class {'chocolatey':
  choco_install_location => 'D:\secured\choco',
}

NOTE: This will affect suitability on first install. There are also special considerations for C:\Chocolatey as an install location, see choco_install_location for details.

Use an internal chocolatey.nupkg for Chocolatey installation

class {'chocolatey':
  chocolatey_download_url         => 'https://internalurl/to/chocolatey.nupkg',
  use_7zip                        => false,
  choco_install_timeout_seconds   => 2700,
}

Use a file chocolatey.0.9.9.9.nupkg for installation

class {'chocolatey':
  chocolatey_download_url         => 'file:///c:/location/of/chocolatey.0.9.9.9.nupkg',
  use_7zip                        => false,
  choco_install_timeout_seconds   => 2700,
}

Specify the version of chocolatey by class parameters

class {'chocolatey':
  chocolatey_download_url         => 'file:///c:/location/of/chocolatey.0.9.9.9.nupkg',
  use_7zip                        => false,
  choco_install_timeout_seconds   => 2700,
  chocolatey_version              => '0.9.9.9',
}

Log chocolatey bootstrap installer script output

class {'chocolatey':
  log_output              => true,
}

Install chocolatey using a proxy server

class {'chocolatey':
  install_proxy => 'http://proxy.megacorp.com:3128',
}

Configuration

If you have Chocolatey 0.9.9.x or above, you can take advantage of configuring different aspects of Chocolatey.

Sources Configuration

You can specify sources that Chocolatey uses by default, along with priority.

Requires Chocolatey v0.9.9.0+.

Disable the default community repository source
chocolateysource {'chocolatey':
  ensure => disabled,
}
Set a priority on a source
chocolateysource {'chocolatey':
  ensure   => present,
  location => 'https://chocolatey.org/api/v2',
  priority => 1,
}
Add credentials to a source
chocolateysource {'sourcename':
  ensure   => present,
  location => 'https://internal/source',
  user     => 'username',
  password => 'password',
}

NOTE: Chocolatey encrypts the password in a way that is not verifiable. If you need to rotate passwords, you cannot use this resource to do so unless you also change the location, user, or priority (because those are ensurable properties).

Features Configuration

You can configure features that Chocolatey has available. Run choco feature list to see the available configuration features.

Requires Chocolatey v0.9.9.0+.

Enable Auto Uninstaller

Uninstall from Programs and Features without requiring an explicit uninstall script.

chocolateyfeature {'autouninstaller':
  ensure => enabled,
}
Disable Use Package Exit Codes

Requires 0.9.10+ for this feature.

Use Package Exit Codes - Allows package scripts to provide exit codes. With this enabled, Chocolatey uses package exit codes for exit when non-zero (this value can come from a dependency package). Chocolatey defines valid exit codes as 0, 1605, 1614, 1641, 3010. With this feature disabled, Chocolatey exits with a 0 or a 1 (matching previous behavior).

Note that this behavior may cause Puppet to think that the run has failed. We advise that you leave this at the default setting or disable it. Do not enable it.

chocolateyfeature {'usepackageexitcodes':
  ensure => disabled,
}
Enable Virus Check

Requires 0.9.10+ and Chocolatey Pro / Business for this feature.

Virus Check - Performs virus checking on downloaded files. (Licensed versions only.)

chocolateyfeature {'viruscheck':
  ensure => enabled,
}
Enable FIPS Compliant Checksums

Requires 0.9.10+ for this feature.

Use FIPS Compliant Checksums - Ensures checksumming done by Chocolatey uses FIPS compliant algorithms. Not recommended unless required by FIPS Mode. Enabling on an existing installation could have unintended consequences related to upgrades or uninstalls.

chocolateyfeature {'usefipscompliantchecksums':
  ensure => enabled,
}

Config configuration

You can configure config values that Chocolatey has available. Run choco config list to see the config settings available (just the config settings section).

Requires Chocolatey v0.9.10.0+.

Set cache location

The cache location defaults to the TEMP directory. You can set an explicit directory to cache downloads to instead of the default.

chocolateyconfig {'cachelocation':
  value  => "c:\\downloads",
}
Unset cache location

Removes cache location setting, returning the setting to its default.

chocolateyconfig {'cachelocation':
  ensure => absent,
}
Use an explicit proxy

When using Chocolatey behind a proxy, set proxy and optionally proxyUser and proxyPassword.

NOTE: The proxyPassword value is not verifiable.

chocolateyconfig {'proxy':
  value  => 'https://someproxy.com',
}

chocolateyconfig {'proxyUser':
  value  => 'bob',
}

# not verifiable
chocolateyconfig {'proxyPassword':
  value  => 'securepassword',
}

Set Chocolatey as Default Windows Provider

If you want to set this provider as the site-wide default, add to your site.pp:

if $::kernel == 'windows' {
  Package { provider => chocolatey, }
}

# OR

case $operatingsystem {
  'windows': {
    Package { provider => chocolatey, }
  }
}

Packages

With all options

package { 'notepadplusplus':
  ensure            => installed|latest|'1.0.0'|absent,
  provider          => 'chocolatey',
  install_options   => ['-pre','-params','"','param1','param2','"'],
  uninstall_options => ['-r'],
  source            => 'https://myfeed.example.com/api/v2',
  package_settings  => { 'verbose' => true, 'log_output' => true, },
}
  • Supports installable and uninstallable.
  • Supports versionable so that ensure => '1.0' works.
  • Supports upgradeable.
  • Supports latest (checks upstream), absent (uninstall).
  • Supports install_options for pre-release, and other command-line options.
  • Supports uninstall_options for pre-release, and other command-line options.
  • Supports holdable, requires Chocolatey v0.9.9.0+.
  • Uses package_settings to pass flags to the chocolatey provider.

Simple install

package { 'notepadplusplus':
  ensure   => installed,
  provider => 'chocolatey',
}

To always ensure using the newest version available

package { 'notepadplusplus':
  ensure   => latest,
  provider => 'chocolatey',
}

To ensure a specific version

package { 'notepadplusplus':
  ensure   => '6.7.5',
  provider => 'chocolatey',
}

To specify custom source

package { 'notepadplusplus':
  ensure   => '6.7.5',
  provider => 'chocolatey',
  source   => 'C:\local\folder\packages',
}
package { 'notepadplusplus':
  ensure   => '6.7.5',
  provider => 'chocolatey',
  source   => '\\unc\source\packages',
}
package { 'notepadplusplus':
  ensure   => '6.7.5',
  provider => 'chocolatey',
  source   => 'https://custom.nuget.odata.feed/api/v2/',
}
package { 'notepadplusplus':
  ensure   => '6.7.5',
  provider => 'chocolatey',
  source   => 'C:\local\folder\packages;https://chocolatey.org/api/v2/',
}

Install options with spaces

Spaces in arguments must always be covered with a separation. Shown below is an example of how you configure -installArgs "/VERYSILENT /NORESTART".

package {'launchy':
  ensure          => installed,
  provider        => 'chocolatey',
  install_options => ['-override', '-installArgs', '"', '/VERYSILENT', '/NORESTART', '"'],
}

Install options with quotes or spaces

The underlying installer may need quotes passed to it. This is possible, but not as intuitive. The example below covers passing /INSTALLDIR="C:\Program Files\somewhere".

For this to be passed through with Chocolatey, you need a set of double quotes surrounding the argument and two sets of double quotes surrounding the item that must be quoted (see how to pass/options/switches). This makes the string look like -installArgs "/INSTALLDIR=""C:\Program Files\somewhere""" for proper use with Chocolatey.

Then, for Puppet to handle that appropriately, you must split on every space. Yes, on every space you must split the string or the result comes out incorrectly. This means it will look like the following:

install_options => ['-installArgs',
  '"/INSTALLDIR=""C:\Program', 'Files\somewhere"""']

Make sure you have all of the right quotes - start it off with a single double quote, then two double quotes, then close it all by closing the two double quotes and then the single double quote or a possible three double quotes at the end.

package {'mysql':
  ensure          => latest,
  provider        => 'chocolatey',
  install_options => ['-override', '-installArgs',
    '"/INSTALLDIR=""C:\Program', 'Files\somewhere"""'],
}

You can split it up a bit for readability if it suits you:

package {'mysql':
  ensure          => latest,
  provider        => 'chocolatey',
  install_options => ['-override', '-installArgs', '"'
    '/INSTALLDIR=""C:\Program', 'Files\somewhere""',
    '"'],
}

Note: The above is for Chocolatey v0.9.9+. You may need to look for an alternative method to pass args if you have 0.9.8.x and below.

Passing Flags With Package Settings

You can pass flags to the chocolatey provider using package_settings. You might want to do this in a default:

    Package {
      package_settings => { 'verbose' => true, 'log_output' => true, },
    }
  • "verbose" causes calls to chocolatey to output information about what they're about to do; this is because some things, in particular "ensure => latest", are pretty slow, which can lead to long periods where Puppet appears to be doing nothing.
    • When Chocolatey is version 0.10.4 or later and "Verbose" is not specified as true Chocolatey will be run with the --no-progress parameter, limiting the erroneous output of download information to the logs.
  • "log_output" causes the output of chocolatey upgrades and installs to be shown.

Reference

For information on classes and types, see REFERENCE.md. For information on facts, see below.

Facts

  • chocolateyversion - The version of the installed Chocolatey client (could also be informationally provided by class parameter chocolatey_version).
  • choco_install_path - The location of the installed Chocolatey client (could also be provided by class parameter choco_install_location).

Limitations

  • The module is only suppported on Windows. For an extensive list of supported operating systems, see metadata.json
  • If you override an existing install location of Chocolatey using choco_install_location => in the Chocolatey class, it does not bring any of the existing packages with it. You will need to handle that through some other means.
  • Overriding the install location will also not allow Chocolatey to be configured or install packages on the same run that it is installed on. See choco_install_location for details.

Known Issues

  • This module doesn't support side by side scenarios.
  • This module may have issues upgrading Chocolatey itself using the package resource.
  • If .NET 4.0 is not installed, it may have trouble installing Chocolatey. Chocolatey version 0.9.9.9+ helps alleviate this issue.
  • If there is an error in the installer (InstallChocolatey.ps1.erb), it may not show as an error. This may be an issue with the PowerShell provider and is still under investigation.

Development

Acceptance tests for this module leverage puppet_litmus. To run the acceptance tests follow the instructions here. You can also find a tutorial and walkthrough of using Litmus and the PDK on YouTube.

If you run into an issue with this module, or if you would like to request a feature, please file a ticket. Every Monday the Puppet IA Content Team has office hours in the Puppet Community Slack, alternating between an EMEA friendly time (1300 UTC) and an Americas friendly time (0900 Pacific, 1700 UTC).

If you have problems getting this module up and running, please contact Support.

If you submit a change to this module, be sure to regenerate the reference documentation as follows:

puppet strings generate --format markdown --out REFERENCE.md

Attributions

A special thanks goes out to Rich Siegel and Rob Reynolds who wrote the original provider and continue to contribute to the development of this provider.