patroni

pdk
DEPRECATED: Installs and manages Patroni for high-availability PostgreSQL

Daniel Henninger

jadestorm

6,972 downloads

813 latest version

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Version information

  • 999.999.999 (latest)
  • 0.1.6
  • 0.1.5
  • 0.1.4
  • 0.1.3
  • 0.1.2
  • 0.1.1
  • 0.1.0
released Sep 25th 2020
This version is compatible with:
  • Puppet Enterprise 2019.8.x, 2019.7.x, 2019.5.x, 2019.4.x, 2019.3.x, 2019.2.x, 2019.1.x, 2019.0.x, 2018.1.x, 2017.3.x, 2017.2.x, 2017.1.x, 2016.5.x, 2016.4.x
  • Puppet >= 4.7.0 < 7.0.0
  • CentOS
    ,
    OracleLinux
    ,
    RedHat

Start using this module

Documentation

jadestorm/patroni — version 999.999.999 Sep 25th 2020

DEPRECATED patroni module

This module has been deprecated. This module is now maintained by Tailored Automation.

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Table of Contents

  1. Description
  2. Setup - The basics of getting started with patroni
  3. Usage - Configuration options and additional functionality
  4. Reference - An under-the-hood peek at what the module is doing and how
  5. Limitations - OS compatibility, etc.
  6. Development - Guide for contributing to the module

Description

This module sets up a Patroni instance, which provides seemless replication for PostgreSQL, allowing you to run a load balanced and highly available PostgreSQL service. It is one of many options for HA with PostgreSQL, so please take a look at the myriad of other options to make sure you pick the one that is right for your environment.

This module alone is not enough to run a fully HA and replicated service. Please read up on your options at Patroni's GitHub Project. In our case, we use haproxy, using puppetlabs's haproxxy module, and etcd, using cristifalcas's etcd module.

Setup

What patroni affects

The patroni module sets up the following:

  • Installs Patroni via package manager
  • Sets up a systemd based service for Patroni
  • Manages Patroni's configuration at /etc/patroni

Setup Requirements

It is very important that you read up on how Patroni works, as you will also need a variety of other components to accomplish anything useful with Patroni.

You also need to make sure the patroni package is available somewhere. For RPM based systems, you can get the package from here.

You will also need to get PostgreSQL itself installed yourself. Patroni handles starting PostgreSQL on it's own, but you need to get the software installed. One pretty easy recommendation I have is to simply pull in puppetlab's postgresql module and make use of the ::postgresql::globals class. We will demonstrate a very simple recipe for that below.

Beginning with patroni

A bare minimum configuration might be:

class { '::patroni':
  scope => 'mycluster',
}

This assumes you have taken care of all of the rest of the components needed for Patroni.

Usage

If you want to use PostgreSQL's own repositories, you could do something like:

class { '::postgresql::globals':
  manage_package_repo => true,
}
package { 'postgresql96-server':
  ensure => present,
}
class { '::patroni':
  scope => 'mycluster',
}

A much more fleshed out example might be something like:

# First PostgreSQL server
node pg1 {
  class { '::etcd':
    etcd_name                   => ${::hostname},
    listen_client_urls          => 'http://0.0.0.0:2379',
    advertise_client_urls       => "http://${::fqdn}:2379",
    listen_peer_urls            => 'http://0.0.0.0:2380',
    initial_advertise_peer_urls => "http://${::fqdn}:2380",
    initial_cluster             => [
      'pgarb=http://pgarb.example.org:2380',
      'pg1=http://pg1.example.org:2380',
      'pg2=http://pg2.example.org:2380',
    ],
    initial_cluster_state       => 'existing',
  }

  class { '::postgresql::globals':
    encoding            => 'UTF-8',
    locale              => 'en_US.UTF-8',
    manage_package_repo => true,
    version             => '9.6',
  }
  package { ['postgresql96-server','postgresql96-contrib']:
    ensure => present,
  }

  class { '::patroni':
    scope                   => 'mycluster',
    use_etcd                => true,
    pgsql_connect_address   => "${::fqdn}:5432",
    restapi_connect_address => "${::fqdn}:8008",
    pgsql_bin_dir           => '/usr/pgsql-9.6/bin',
    pgsql_data_dir          => '/var/lib/pgsql/9.6/data',
    pgsql_pgpass_path       => '/var/lib/pgsql/pgpass',
    pgsql_parameters        => {
      'max_connections' => 5000,
    },
    pgsql_pg_hba            => [
      'host all all 0.0.0.0/0 md5',
      'host replication rep_user 0.0.0.0/0 md5',
    ],
    superuser_username      => 'postgres',
    superuser_password      => 'somepassword',
    replication_username    => 'rep_user',
    replication_password    => 'someotherpassword',
  }
}
# Second PostgreSQL server
node pg2 {
  class { '::etcd':
    etcd_name                   => ${::hostname},
    listen_client_urls          => 'http://0.0.0.0:2379',
    advertise_client_urls       => "http://${::fqdn}:2379",
    listen_peer_urls            => 'http://0.0.0.0:2380',
    initial_advertise_peer_urls => "http://${::fqdn}:2380",
    initial_cluster             => [
      'pgarb=http://pgarb.example.org:2380',
      'pg1=http://pg1.example.org:2380',
      'pg2=http://pg2.example.org:2380',
    ],
    initial_cluster_state       => 'existing',
  }

  class { '::postgresql::globals':
    encoding            => 'UTF-8',
    locale              => 'en_US.UTF-8',
    manage_package_repo => true,
    version             => '9.6',
  }
  package { ['postgresql96-server','postgresql96-contrib']:
    ensure => present,
  }

  class { '::patroni':
    scope                   => 'mycluster',
    use_etcd                => true,
    pgsql_connect_address   => "${::fqdn}:5432",
    restapi_connect_address => "${::fqdn}:8008",
    pgsql_bin_dir           => '/usr/pgsql-9.6/bin',
    pgsql_data_dir          => '/var/lib/pgsql/9.6/data',
    pgsql_pgpass_path       => '/var/lib/pgsql/pgpass',
    pgsql_parameters        => {
      'max_connections' => 5000,
    },
    pgsql_pg_hba            => [
      'host all all 0.0.0.0/0 md5',
      'host replication rep_user 0.0.0.0/0 md5',
    ],
    superuser_username      => 'postgres',
    superuser_password      => 'somepassword',
    replication_username    => 'rep_user',
    replication_password    => 'someotherpassword',
  }
}
# Simple etcd arbitrator node, meaning it serves no content of it's own, just helps keep quorum
node pgarb {
  class { '::etcd':
    etcd_name                   => ${::hostname},
    listen_client_urls          => 'http://0.0.0.0:2379',
    advertise_client_urls       => "http://${::fqdn}:2379",
    listen_peer_urls            => 'http://0.0.0.0:2380',
    initial_advertise_peer_urls => "http://${::fqdn}:2380",
    initial_cluster             => [
      'pgarb=http://pgarb.example.org:2380',
      'pg1=http://pg1.example.org:2380',
      'pg2=http://pg2.example.org:2380',
    ],
    initial_cluster_state       => 'existing',
  }
}

Reference

All of the Patroni settings I could find in the Patroni Settings Documentation are mapped to this module. However, I do not have experience with the bulk of those settings, so implementing them here was done as a best guess.

At some point all of the options will be documented here, but in the meantime, you can look at the init.pp for the module to see what all settings it accepts. I hope to improve the documentation at some point, but wanted to get this out there if others need it.

I also highly recommend checking out PostgreSQL High Availability Cookbook as it is a fantastic resource for wrapping your head around all of the options and has a great walkthrough for setting up Patroni.

Limitations

This is currently only supported on RedHat Enterprise Linux 7 based systems. I would love to see support on other distributions and even OS's, so if you are interested in contributing please do so!

Development

If you are interested in helping with development, please submit pull requests against https://github.com/jadestorm/puppet-patroni. While Debian is not supported currently, I would absolutely welcome someone putting in the work to add that support. (I simply have no need of it)